Aristotle’s Prime Mover:

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Aristotle’s Prime mover: A) Explain Aristotle`s concept of a Prime Mover [21] Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived around the time of 384 BC – 322 BC. He was a student of Plato’s; however, there are differences in their beliefs. He was also tutor of the Ruler of Macedon‘s son Alexander; who later became Alexander the Great, one of the most successful commanders in history. Along with Socrates and Plato, Aristotle was a major influence on western philosophy as it is today. One of the key differences between Plato and Aristotle’s philosophies are beliefs about the ‘creation of a form.’ Plato believed in a demiurge – a figure that shaped a form from matter that already existed, so not in itself a creator, but a force that molded a form into shape. Aristotle on the other hand believed in the concept of causes and that the efficient cause was the first cause to create a form from its material cause; the name for the first creator was the ‘prime mover’ and the first material, ‘prime matter.’ And effectively is therefore a creator. Aristotle’s causality continued to inspire great philosophers, such as Thomas Aquinas. Aristotle believed that all movement depends on there being a mover. For Aristotle, movement meant more than something physically travelling; but included change: growth, melting, cooling, heating etc. He also recognised that everything in the world was in a state of flux (flow). Aristotle called this source of all movement the Prime Mover. The Prime Mover to Aristotle is the first of all substances, the necessary first sources of movement which is it unmoved. It is a being with everlasting life. Aristotle argued that the Prime Mover had to be immaterial. It could not be made of any kind of matter, because matter is capable of being acted upon, and has potential to change. Since it has no physical being, it cannot perform any kind of
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