For a classification system to be useful it needs to be reliable. One problem is that of differential diagnosis, Bhui et al suggested symptoms of different mental disorders often overlap, exhibiting some symptoms of schizophrenia, e.g. major depressive disorder and schizophrenia both involve low levels of motivation. Therefore suggesting that there is no sharp dividing line between individuals with schizophrenia and those not suffering from the condition. Additionally, the existence of a disorder called Schizotypal personality disorder means that it is sometimes difficult to decide if a person has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder further reducing the reliability with which schizophrenia is diagnosed.
Genital herpes causes painful genital ulcers in many adults that can be severe and persistent in persons with suppressed immune systems, such as HIV-infected persons. Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 can also cause rare but serious complications such as blindness, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and aseptic meningitis (inflammation of the linings of the brain). Development of extragenital lesions in the buttocks, groin, thigh, finger, and eye may occur during the course of infection. 8 Some persons who contract genital herpes have concerns about how it will impact their overall health, sex life, and relationships. There can be can be considerable embarrassment, shame, and stigma associated with a herpes diagnosis and this can substantially interfere with a patient’s relationships.
In order for them to be diagnosed properly, diagnostic criteria is used. One of the key points on the criteria is that individuals must recognise that their behaviour is unreasonable otherwise the clinician may diagnose them to another mental illness e.g. Schizophrenia. Another thing is that Anxiety is not necessarily a phobia therefore instead of being phobic they may be labelled as just very anxious. Reliability is an important thing in terms of diagnosing phobias as they have to be consistent and accurate.
Prozac facilitates restoring balance of the chemicals in the brain, which improves mood, sleep patterns, energy levels, decreases anxiety and irritability (WebMD, 2010). The next recommendation is for Marla to begin psychotherapy. Marla will be required to change her way of thinking, to be less critical of herself, and develop optimism, hence, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy will benefit her. Concurrently, Marla must develop better coping skills, which will facilitate her to communicate effectively with family, friends, and co-workers, therefore behavioral oriented therapy is appropriate (Faces of Abnormal Psychology,
Before the actual onset of the disease the patient can become withdrawn, defiant, distrustful, defiant and sarcastic. Delusions can start to occur and they can become bizarre and very numerous. The more disorganized the person becomes, the more less logical the delusions become as well. Certain types of persecutory delusions will begin to occur as the disease process becomes more severe. These include delusions of being followed, harassed, cheated, spied on, etc.
In general, the medications used for different mental health problems are called psychotropic medications. These medications can have serious side effects if not taken properly or prescribed by someone not properly trained or qualified to do so. Obviously, counselors in general do not get such training. On the other hand, counselors should be able to recognize the need of psychotropic medications for their clients as a holistic approach to their problems and refer them to appropriate professionals for that purpose (King & Anderson, 2004). LEGAL LIMITATIONS While working with the client, counselors are required to follow the American Counseling Association (ACA) Code of Ethics (ACA, 2005).
Abnormal psychology is a portion of Psychology that involves the study of behaviors that “seem” unusual or inappropriate by society's standards. However, in some cases, these unusual and inappropriate behaviors may be certain disorders or dysfunctions. People with these disorders may not necessarily be able to control their “emotions, drives, or desires.” Dissociative disorders, Sexual disorders, and Schizophrenia delusions lie heavily among the long list of abnormal disorders in the study of psychology. In the next few paragraphs, a thorough explanation of the disorders mentioned above will be discussed. When a person has a dissociative disorders, it usually means that their memory has failed.
Here, a therapist can dispel many of the myths and misconceptions about it, and explain some of the core theories. I believe the explanation at this point should include talking about hypnosis being a state of mind where people are more responsive to positive suggestions. It is also where the therapist can use waking hypnotic suggestion (waking hypnosis). To explain this in more detail, waking hypnotic suggestion is suggestions that are given to a client in a certain manner while in a normal state of consciousness which achieve a hypnotic effect without the use of the relaxed state. What the therapist is doing is getting the client to establish ‘selective thinking’ early on in the session.
I had to learn not to be so hands on and involved in their recovery. When a person is suffering with this disease, their recovery depends solely on their determination. The counselor gives the tools and guidance for a successful recovery. The client may manipulate the counselor if they feel the counselor is becoming too attached. Mental health and substance abuse, also known as Co-Dependency, go hand in hand in many situations.
I think there, precisely, lies our responsibility to use ourselves as effective facilitators and introduce certain concepts and interventions only when participants are ready for them. I think that a well attuned therapist who works collaboratively with participants will not introduce interventions prematurely at the risk of a potential serious setback for the therapeutic process. But this is why engaging, assessing and evaluating are ongoing transactional throughout the therapeutic alliance. I do, however, think CBT has limitations as does any other form of therapy. I think that working with participants who have severe mental illness might be a challenge.