In 1937 Stalin began the purge of the military, accusing them of spying for Nazi Germany. In the eve of the war, 65% of the upper command was eliminated. In July 1937, the Politburo passed a resolution condemning ‘Anti-Soviet Elements’ which included scientists, artists, writers and musicians. In essence, anyone could be arrested, as the resolution was based on a quota system. Finally, in 1938, Bukharin and Rykov were executed after being
He was beheaded. However 75 years on Van der Lubbe was pardoned and his conviction overturned. Many historians believe that the Nazis were responsible for the setting of the fire in order to discredit the left wing and exploit the fears many Germans had of communism. It also served to increase the popularity of the Nazi Party. The day after the destruction of the Reichstag by fire Hitler persuaded President Hindenburg to approve the decree For The Protection Of The People And The State 28th February 1933.
It is clear that Terror and intimidation were important factors in allowing the Nazis to consolidate power 1933, for the reason that violence still had an impact on political developments, for example, even negotiations between Hitler, von Papen and Hindenburg took place against the conditions of well publicised acts of SA (Storm troopers) violence. In May 1933 ¬, ¬SA members stormed trade union headquarters and disbanded it. This violence cuased many leaders of the SPD to flee abroad and in June its party was officially banned. The majority of the 3000 members of the party that remained were arrested and taken to the Dachau concentration camp where they were later tortured and killed. This ulitmately potrays the brutality of the Nazis, which effectively contributed to their consolidation of power.
Hitler persuaded Hindenburg to call a fresh general election for 5 March 1933, arguing that the NSDAP had been unable to form a coalition with the Centre Party. At the end of February the Reichstag burned down. Hitler immediately blamed the Communists, whipped up anti-Communist hysteria and banned them from taking part in the forthcoming elections. (It was widely believed that the Nazis were responsible for the fire). On 23 March 1933 the Reichstag passed the Enabling Law by a two-thirds majority (444 out of 647 - only the SPD voted against (94)) and enabled the Chancellor to rule by decree without even the need for approval by the President.
When And Why Did The Second World War Turn Against Hitler And His Allies? In September 1939 the world descended into the most violent conflict in its history. This was as a result of many years of poverty stress and anger at other countries (from Germany). Hitler took this downfall of the country to become the prime minister, as he often said that if he became the leader of Germany he would sort the country of all its problems. Hitler then took away the “Power of the People” by replacing parliament with a self proclaimed dictatorship, which most Germans welcomed.
Some of the features from his regime included the banning of all other Non-Communist parties, Cominform beginning a reign of terror having executed many political leaders and their supporters and having Russian officials control the government. This was a cause for uprising as if Rakoski had been a good leader in the first place, then there would have been no valid reason for the public to want to rebel. Stalin’s death in 1953 however was a massive cause for an uprising by the Hungarian public in 1956. When Stalin was alive, his style of government (Stalinism) was very oppressive and strict in regiment. He held extraordinary power that resulted in an estimated 20 million deaths during his reign.
When the Great Depression 1929 forced many factories to close, desperate Germans voted for the Nazi party. Hitler became the leader of Germany in 1933. He quickly destroyed democracy and set up a Nazi dictatorship. Hitler called himself the Fuehrer. He could do what he wanted.
These consequences were significant for many reasons, particularly due to their impact on society, allies and the opposition, as well as inducing the beginning of WWII. The first cause of Hitler becoming Chancellor was Germany signing the Treaty of Versailles in June of 1919. After the end of WWI, the allies forced Germany to sign a peace treaty. In this treaty Germany was forced to take the blame for the War, pay reparations (which were set at 6.6 billion pounds in April 1921) as well as reducing their army to 100,000 men, getting rid of any air force, as well as being limited to 6 battleships. Germany also lost all overseas colonies, and their boundaries within Europe were reduced, losing in total 13.5% of their territory, which included losing 7 million people to neighbouring countries.
In January 1933 Hitler became chancellor of Germany and Hitler and the Nazis wanted to consolidate their grip on power. Hitler and the Nazis were the biggest party in Germany but did not have a majority so Hitler used all the power he could to get what he wanted and he did so very successfully and by 1934, Hitler had declared himself as the Fuhrer of Germany. Hitler and the Nazis consolidated their grip on power by changing the law and constitution. This was very important for their aims because it gave Hitler a lot of power to rule how he wanted. Hitler tried to consolidate his power legally and probably the most important law Hitler and the Nazis changed was the passing of the enabling act in March 23rd 1933.
Early on, he created the Sturm Abteilung (S.A.) as private army of former soldiers and unemployed workers who protected him and threatened other parties.  The S.A. constantly terrorized other parties and raided their meeting places, and used all means to stop opponents.  Once he became Chancellor, he killed off the leaders of the storm troopers in order to win over the support of the army. Hitler then used the burning of the Reichstag on February 27, 1933 to persuade President Hindenburg to establish a permanent state of emergency, which gave the Nazis the power to suspend democratic rights