Robert Kegan was born on 1946; the Harvard psychologist first described his theory on social maturity in his 1982 book, The Evolving Self. This book contains the theory of how people become more socially mature as they get older. Kegan’s theory of adult cognitive development contains some of the same principles as Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. When studying Kegan’s theory it is important to understand Piaget because as Mark Dombeck writes “the core ideas from Kegan's work are essentially Piaget's ideas which have been reworked, broadened and abstracted, and applied to the social realm” (Dombeck, 2007). As we move through developmental stages we become more subjective and less objective.
If you choose 40 random employees from the corporation, the standard error would equal 6/Square root of 40 = .95 days. The 12 days in this department corresponds to (12-8.2)/.95 = 4 standard errors above the corporation average of 8.2. This is much higher than two or three standard errors, and it appears to be beyond chance variation. Chapter 9 Exercise 3 The p- value tells you how likely it would be to get results at least as extreme as this if there was no difference in the taste and only chance variation was operating. In this problem, p-value of 0.02 means that, if there is no difference in taste, then there is only 2% chance that 70% or more people would declare one drink better than the
Western Govenors University | Issues in Behavioral Science | GLT1 – Task 3 | | Toya Brabham 000324276 | 10/2/2014 | This essay discusses the Nature-Nurture debate and compares and contrast two types of studies conducted. | Since the first scientist began to study the individual differences in intelligence in the 1800’s, the debate of whether genetics or environmental actors were responsible for much of one’s intellectual ability has raged on. One of the first scientists, a British researcher, Sir Francis Galton sparked the infamous nature-nurture debate. Galton’s research concluded that heredity or genetics (nature) was responsible for intelligence. Environmentalist would later argue that the environment in which one is brought up had a much larger role in shaping the mind; these two contrasting views have set the stage for this much argued debate.
Functional theory seemed to support the idea of a ‘status quo’, or an assumption that social functions are either fine as they are or are evolving toward something better. Rigid functionalism thus fell into disfavor as Neo-Marxist conflict theories gained more widespread acceptance and publication. Many of functionalism’s concepts are borrowed from organic biology. Societies are said to undergo ‘selection pressure’ and to respond in Darwinian ways. Again thinking of the social function of marriage a functionalist might theorize that age limits serve society
Social Darwinism During the Progressive Era The effects of social Darwinism during the Progressive era were numerous especially in education, science, medicine, and the problem of ignorance. Social injustice and in efficiency in politics are secondary prime examples for the struggle to exist. This is followed by instinct, and geographical distribution playing a part in the ‘survival of the fittest,’ occurrences in this time period. The effects are intertwined within ignorance and its tie to the struggle existence socially; and the connection that is shared with instinct and social efficiency. Needless to say, the concepts Darwin created have evolved to include social situations as well as physical ones.
Hitler's pursuit of Lebensraum resulted in Germany exhibiting ultranationalism towards its neighbours. The ultranationalism that Germany was demonstrating led to expansionism and ultimately led the world to a second world war. Hitler created a distorted version of Darwin's Theory of Evolution, known as Social Darwinism. This principle stated that a nations strength was measured by its ability to fight and win wars; any nation displayed to be weak or unable to fight was a target for conquest. Hitler displayed ultranationalism when he put Social Darwinism into action, he was creating a master race.
The influential ideas of “eugenists : good motherhood was an essential component in their ideology of racial health and purity.” The morals begun to nationalize and progressing override the “old individualist protests about parental rights.” Moreover, the relationship between family and state was changing. The question of reproductive control and its sexual attitudes was divided in attitudes towards overall social control. Feminism suffered from the mocking and misrepresentation. (An Intro to Women’s Studies,63) The beginnings of oppression of women by men occurred in the 1850s-1920s, the first Wave, was a turning point of metropolitan areas. There was a shift from farming to trade, with more widespread societies and industrialization.
Nature vs Nurture Describe what the nature vs nurture debate is and say what you think has been the most important aspect for upbringing The term ‘Nature’ means what we genetically inherit for example eye colour, hair colour, skin colour etc. and the term ‘Nurture’ means how the environment influences us physically and mentally, for example, peer groups, media, education etc. However, there is a huge debate regarding both nature and nurture. Many people, especially scientists, suspected that nature influences our behaviour and lifestyle more than nurture. This is because there are many factors that are believed to be inherited by our parents such as intelligence and addictions.
According to Andrew J. Rotherham’s article “Actually, College Is Very Much Worth it.”he states, “Meanwhile, in 2010, the unemployment rate was 9.2 percent for those with only some college and more than 10 percent for those with just a high school degree, but it was 5.4 percent for college graduates.” The data Rotherham provides shows that even with some college education, you have a higher chance of getting employed than those with just a high school degree. The one group that outweighs all the others is the college graduates proving that with a college degree unemployment is less likely to befriend people who do pursue college. Some people might say that there are loads of jobs that do not require a college degree, especially in this time and age. However those jobs do not pay remotely has high as the jobs you can score with a college degree. In the article Benefits of Earning a College Degree written by EducationCorner they state “Because college gives you a broad range of skills, many college graduates end up in fields that are not what they studied in school.
27/10/2011 Evaluate the view that human behaviour is largely cultural Society is not so much established by conquest as by collusion (Berger.P.1967) Munford khan defines the concept of self as ‘denoting the core of the personality system organised around its awareness of itself and its conscious and unconscious towards its most virtual interests and values, involving identity, status, commitment and desire. Society today is so different to sometime ago. It was more or less written in stone that women were the child bearing home carers, and the men were the bread winners. Some of the early sociologists believed that our gender was inherited through our genes. Feminists argued that these findings were all down to men carrying out experiments on men.