This helps to define why some individuals with similar strains commit crimes and why others chose legal manners in which they deal with their strains and emotions. General Strain Theory can help to explain any act that is considered deviant by society, and carries with it some sort of punishment, either formally or informally (Agnew, 2006). Failure to achieve
Criminal Psychology: Trauma that influences criminal behavior Criminal activity is the act of an individual breaking a law. This could vary from a violent murder to a simple argument out in public. Criminals are usually prosecuted and sometimes are not granted a fair trail due to the severity of the crime they have committed, but could there be a psychological reason as to why an individual is persuaded to commit a crime? This has been a controversial debate that has been researched over the years. It is believed that certain traumas and different environments have a great effect on how ones mind develops.
If sex offenders commit a wide variety of offenses, responses from both a public policy and treatment perspective may be no different than is appropriate for the general criminal population (Quinsey, 1984). However, a more specialized response is appropriate if sex offenders tend to commit principally sex offenses. The purpose of this paper is to examine the critical
The purpose of this paper is to exhibit the major factors of punishing juvenile offenders and the outcome these punishments produce. It is apparent that juvenile crime is a prevalent problem in the United States in which society should not disregard. On the contrary, the dilemma needs to be dealt with in a civilized manner that is in harmony with the universal standards of justice. There is a highly controversial debate regarding juvenile crime and the punishments allocated to the young offenders. However, when a child engages in criminal activity the degree of the sentence received should coincide with offense .The central emphasis of this content is to illustrate the effects of retribution by holding the juvenile justice system responsible for precisely applying the appropriate sanctions toward deserving individuals.
The fact that some crimes are committed by individuals who are not yet mature enough to vote, drive, or even drink should not be ignored. Punishment for an adult can be unfair when applied to a child in some cases, especially when they don’t understand the consequences of their actions. When it comes to judgment of these crimes it should vary on a case to case basis. It should be taken into account whether the defendant’s crime was malicious, accidental or they could not understand the magnitude of their actions. Juvenile offenders should be tried and punished as adults do to the nature of the crime.
This theory also includes factors such as mental illness and childhood abuse. Another theory is situational theory; which focuses on specific events that may contribute to criminality such as being labelled ‘delinquent’ or a ‘menace to society’, lack of parental supervision and the peer groups and social networks can contribute to criminality. The third theory is social structural; this theory covers factors such as, unemployment, racism and poverty. All of these factors can contribute to a person partaking in criminal behaviour. With all of these theories taken into consideration it is easy to see that crime is inevitable and a criminal justice system is needed in order to protect people in society.
It was also discovered that females made up 28% of the total of juvenile arrests. The difference in the arrest rates of male and females for simple assault charges was substantial (2006). Males were only accountable for 8% of the statistics, while the females were arrested in 58% of assault cases (2006). The number of juvenile arrests primarily involved white youth. While there is a misconception that minorities are the primary juveniles arrested in crimes, 78% of those arrested were of the white race.
In his work “Outsiders” Becker states that “no particular act is inherently deviant unless until a group with socially powerful statuses or position label it as such.” Becker’s contribution can be divided into three segments: • Labelling as a cause of crime • The process of labelling • The typology of deviants 1.3.1 Labelling as a cause of crime According to Becker while developing his theory, some behaviour is perceived as a violation against a society’s cultural norm. These norms are dictated what is acceptable and unacceptable across different cultures. Example in some cultures it is unacceptable for a women to wear trousers. The other behaviour is when someone violates a society’s formal laws from a minor traffic
These eye-popping numbers came about for many reasons: mandatory minimum sentences, three-strikes legislation, illegal drugs, gangs, immorality in all its modern forms, the war on drugs, the decline of marriage and families, high rates of recidivism, incarceration of the mentally ill, the decline of capital punishment, problems with the criminal justice system and all the forces pushing tough crime policies. Difficult economic times focus attention on the increasing costs of keeping all these people - 93% of them men - behind bars. Each prisoner costs about $32,000 per year, and the average prisoner does little to offset the cost of confinement. The social costs may be even higher. Breadwinners are lost, families destroyed, more kids grow up without fathers or mothers, welfare costs increase, the entire sex ratio is thrown out of balance and prisoners face grim prospects when released.
Several examples of heterosexual deviance include: teen sex, extramarital sex, pornography, cybersex, sexual harassment, and prostitution. They are deviant because in each case, the behavior violates a social, cultural, and/or moral norm of appropriate societal behavior concerning sexual or sex-related behavior for heterosexuals. In some cases such as those just listed heterosexually deviant behavior is merely the violation of a social or moral code of conduct and the consequences associated with them are not serious, and/or they are violations of social moral codes of only a specific segment of a much larger population. However, in other cases heterosexual deviance can be far more severe with very