A contributing factor could be that there are growing numbers of terrorists, gangs, and other violent prisoners the government is now housing. ADMAX, a supermax prison the federal government has provided, holds many of the greatest threats to the American ways. People like Zacarias Moussaoui, Al Qaeda terrorist; Theodore Kaczynski, the Unabomber; Terry Nichols, accomplice in Oklahoma City bombing; and Richard Reid, Islamic shoe bomber are all housed in this institution. Another growing cause of prison population is poverty. During the last two decades, there has been a gap in America between the lifestyles of those who grew up poor and those who didn’t.
Prison Gangs Prison gangs are the most feared and destructive element of prison society. Engaging in murder, robbery, rape and drug dealing on a frequent basis, prison gangs pose a danger to the entire prison population. The ability to run a correctional facility safely and properly is seriously diminished with the presence of gang affiliated members. Gang affiliated inmates make up just 3% of the overall prison population but account for almost half of all prison violence (Griffin, 2006). To date it is estimated that there are about 100,000 gang members located in the American corrections system with membership having risen greatly in the last 30 years.
The criminal system is supposed to be justice, but as we see it is very injustice. (www.racismreview.com) Across 34 of the 50 states, a black man is 11.8 times more likely than a white man to be sent to prison on drug charges and a black woman is 4.8 times more likely than a white woman. (www.racismreview.com) Their 10 states with the greatest racial disparities for drug offenders are Wisconsin, Illinois, New York, Maryland, West Virginia, Colorado, New Jersey, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Michigan. Arresting a lot of black Americans has not ended street corner drug sales. When someone gets arrested there is someone to take their place.
In his argument, Jacoby does furnish a good amount of evidence, yet he seems to choose many wrong proofs. He points out that about 1.6 million Americans were in jail that year (1997), and that this number was 3.5 times larger than that of 1980 (Jacoby par. 4). This seems, at first glance, to demonstrate the weakness of the federal justice system. However, does the dramatically increased number of prisoners necessarily verify that the prison system is not working?
Structured Inequality in the Justice System Brianna Fanello Chamberlain College of Nursing STRUCTURED INEQUALITY IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM Racial profiling has been used by law enforcement to stop, detain, question, search, and sometimes justify the use of excessive force against African Americans, Latinos, Arab Americans, Muslims, and other minority groups. According to the U.S. Justice Department, in 2003 about 10.4 percent of all African American men between ages 25-29 were incarcerated, as compared to 2.4 percent of Hispanic men and 1.2 percent of Non-Hispanic White men. This is evidence that higher poverty populations have more problems with the prison system. This paper will take an in-depth into these startling statistics. Furthermore, it will look how racial profiling is unnecessary in keeping Americans safe, as well as how racial profiling impacts our society as a whole, and solutions for the future.
Breach of an order is a criminal offence and is punishable by a maximum sentence of 6 months in prison. Reducing and preventing crime Around half of all crime is committed by people who have already been through the criminal justice system. The cost to the taxpayer of reoffending is estimated to be £9.5 to £13 billion per year. Reoffending has been too high for too long, despite significant government spending on offender management in the last decade.
These high levels of incarceration have in turn made sending people to prison profitable. Mass incarceration is not only a huge problem within itself but it has additional negative effect on productivity both economic and societal, and parental availability to their children. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) reports that from 1980 to 2008, the number of people incarcerated in America quadrupled-from roughly 500,000 to 2.3 million people” (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”, n.d.). According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) “The United States imprisons more people—both per capita and in absolute terms—than any other nation in the world, including Russia, China, and Iran” (“Banking on Bondage: Private Prisons and Mass Incarceration”, 2011). When a nation begins to incarcerate that many of its citizens people begin to question what exactly is causing this trend?
The issue and the relevant legislation Imprisonment is not effective in preventing crime. Sentencing Act 1989 (NSW) The current situation Offenders of the legal system are being incarcerated and expected to rehabilitate during their time in prison. The Australian community currently pays $32 billion per year to maintain this method of crime prevention. This translates into $60 000 per person in gaol, per year In the past 12 years the Australian prison population has doubled. More prisons are being built and disused ones are being brought back into use.
In 2007, a reporter sates that 267,000 illegal immigrants currently in jail in the United States are responsible for close to 1.3 million crimes from drug trafficking to rape and murder. In Los Angeles, the home to the largest Hispanic immigrant community in the United States. In 2006, the city of Los Angeles experienced 15.7 percent increased to federal agencies for aid to capture gangs. In Los Angeles County Jail there are 20 percent inmates and 10 percent inmates in Orange County jail who are illegal immigrants. Federal government is paying more money to meet the social welfare needs of the growing population but there is uncertainty as to how much is due to poor and illegal immigrants.
Cost of keeping a prisoner in custody per year for a maximum security prison is 32,547 more than most of us pay for tuition. States spend more on prison and penal institutions than we do on school and education I would like to point out that it is more about money than it is about reforming these prisoners. The prison system has become a monster throwing people in jail like its nothing. The government isn’t concerned with rehabilitation all they care about is keeping all the people involved in the prison, correctional, law enforcement, and justice system in business and with a healthy salary. The correctional officers who are in charge of prisoners typically have a high school diploma; they are essentially baby sitters of so called criminals.