The event could have been an earthquake, volcano or an epidemic disease (Minster). • Warfare theory implied that the Mayans went to war amongst themselves to the point where they caused the collapse of their civilization (Minster). • Famine/environmental change theory, suggested that because of the extremely large population, their vulnerability to
Maya has predicted five big events. They are: the end of the Mayan civilization (the end of their own); the time of the emergence of the automobile and aircraft; the time if Big Devil (Hitler)’s birth and death and the time of the devastating wars taking-place (the first and second world wars). The first four have already realized. However, the last one is “The world will come to an end on December 21, 2012”. Almost all the people over the world have been concerned by whether the doomsday would appear.
The theories concerning the demise and/or disappearance of the Maya consist of over population, climatic changes, earth quakes, droughts, or sickness and/or epidemics. The history of Maya Civilization begins in 7000 B.C.E., the archaic period and ends in 1500 C.E., the Post Classic period. The early ancestors of the Maya journeyed to Central America via the Bering land bridge and lived mainly as hunter gatherers and it wasn’t until the latter part of the archaic period that the people learned to plant crops. In addition, the source of habitation of the archaic period changed from caves, and open camps to villages. Between 2000 and 250 B.C.E., (Pre Classic Period) the Mayan villages were established in coastal areas of southern Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.
Steve Reimer’s article on the tower of Babel is quite interesting. Steve uses history to explain his idea on Genesis 11. Reimer uses the history of pottery to make his claim on the subject. Genesis 11:8 states, “So the Lord scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city.”1 In this bible passage, the people of Babel build a tower to reach the heavens. God didn’t like this, for some reason unknown, and scattered the people of Babel, then learned new languages and cultures.
1 Some estimates claim 20,000 human sacrifices a year. The loss of human life would not only weaken the Aztec empire but brought hatred upon the people of the powerful city of Tlaxcala. Many of their own people had been sacrificed, and at the end, the people of Tlaxcala joined forces with the Spanish army to fight the Aztecs. 2 Aztec authority, Henry Nicholson said that among the Aztecs, “human sacrifice was practiced on a scale not even approached by any other ritual system in the history of the world”. Spanish sources report that over 80,000 victims were sacrificed at the dedication of the Great Temple in 1487.
The Aztec empire flourished for almost two hundred years in central Mexico from approximately 1325 to 1521. They were known for their military and political dominance on the entire region, their skill as warriors, and the extremely well organized and advanced society in which they lived and flourished. But one day in February of 1519, everything that they knew would begin to change. Within two years, the mighty Aztec empire would be in ruins and the majority of its people killed or enslaved. It was the arrival of Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes in February of 1519 and it would be the beginning of the end for the Aztec and many other indigenous civilizations.
Explain how the Aztec empire was created, and how did the empire contributed to its own destruction. The rise to power of the Aztecs (Mexica) and its own downfall is an important story and was accounted for just after the destruction of the Aztec empire. The formation of the triple alliance: Tenochtitlan (Tenochca), the Acolhua of Texcoco, and the Tepaneca of Tlacopan; together dominated most of Mexico between 1430 and 1521 AD. There are many factors that contributed to the success of the Aztec empire, and also a large number of factors that resulted to their own destruction many years later. The Aztecs were impacted by Toltec before them and also by the Maya, and owed a great deal to the founders of the first Mesoamerican civilisation; the Olmec.
These people were skilled carvers, they carved stone, jade and volcanic rock basalt which was used for their great stone heads. The calendar used for centuries in Mexico also originated with the Olmec. Their astronomy was carried on by later groups who were obsessed with the timing of religious ritual, as the Mayans and Aztec would be after them. The Olmec culture’s writing was developed in terms of symbols and pictograms, which was very unique. They were advanced with trade routes, had advanced infrastructures, and just were highly untouched.
Tribes such as the Lencas, the Tecan Uman, and the Nicarao soon started taking over the overall dying city of Copan. In 1502 Columbus sailed past the Islas de la Bahía and shortly thereafter reached the mainland of Central America. Columbus marked his first direct contact while trading with the civilizations of Honduran and northern Central America. Little exploration took place for the next two decades. That was until Spanish navigators Juan Díaz de Solís and Vicente Yáñez Pinzón touched on part of the Honduran coast in 1508 and devoted most of their efforts to exploring the area.
A Comparison on the Colonization Techniques of England and Spain and the resulting outcomes Spain and England are known leaders of the Colonization of the New World. Both countries had a very different approach to how they colonized the New World, and both of them reaped different benefits from colonization. Spain had started their colonization process in 1492 when Christopher Columbus discovered the New World; in 1493 Spain had established their first Colony of Hispaniola. Almost 100 years later, in 1587 England entered the arena with their first settlement on Roanoke Island. This establishment quickly collapsed and the first permanent English colony of Jamestown was established 20 years later in 1607.