Martin Luther King Jr. Birmingham Jail Letter

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Martin Luther King’s purpose for this letter is to help the clergymen understand who he is and his views of society. In his letter he tries to help the clergymen understand that segregation is and injustice that affects not only the Negro community, but also affects society. Dr. King’s letter includes rhetorical devices such as anaphora, allegory and apophasis. These devices help the clergymen understand his points of view of society and how society should be run. Dr. King’s letter uses an example of anaphora. “So, I along with several members of my staff, am here because I was invited here. I am…I am in Birmingham because injustice is here.” This quote is letting the clergymen know that wherever injustice may be, he will be there to organize his staff to help fight that injustice. Throughout his letter, Dr. King uses allegory. In this quote he states, “Just as the prophets of the eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their ‘thus saith the Lord’ far beyond the boundaries….I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town”, Dr. King references passages from the bible to validated his battle against injustice throughout the continental U.S. He is letting the clergymen know that wherever there is injustice he is going to be there The last rhetorical device used would be apophasis. “I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes.” This quote basically means that the clergymen will understand the injustice that is happening around them. He hopes that the clergymen will not ignore or overlook the injustice; that they will look at facts and base their judgment off the facts instead of what society says. In conclusion Dr. King proves to the clergymen that he will always fight injustice no matter what the cost

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