Creditability: I have done some extensive research on the Cuban Missile Crisis and President Kennedy’s address. IV. Thesis: Thanks to President Kennedy’s plan of action in dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis, we were able to avoid a nuclear war with the Soviet Union. V: Preview Statement: Today, I am going to give you a little insight on the Cuban Missile Crisis then I will talk about President Kennedy’s announcement and the events following the announcement. Body: I.
In the early 1960’s the Soviet Union and Cuba had a very close relationship was during the Cold War where the Cuban Missile Crisis began. The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred when the Soviet Union offered Cuba protection if they gave them the ability of planting missiles there. The 35th president of the United States, John F. Kennedy, was in a breakdown when he discovered ballistic missiles in Cuba on October 16, 1962. By October 29 John F. Kennedy took action from the fear of the ballistic missiles striking Washington D.C. John F. Kennedy considered starting a naval blockade to halt Soviet missiles entering Cuba. The naval blockade became successful on October 29, 1962; Soviet missiles were interrupted from the regular schedule of importation.
A few months after the Vienna Summit, Soviet Chairman Nikita Khrushchev of the USSR sent a response letter to President John F. Kennedy. The contents of the September 1961 letter explained that while he (Khrushchev) understood and sympathized with Kennedy’s idea of a peaceful resolution to their current issues, he believed that a peaceful resolution would be impossible to achieve due to Kennedy’s own actions and words about Khrushchev and the U.S.S.R. Khrushchev mentioned in the seventh paragraph that he wrote a letter to Kennedy about a resolution to their conflicts. However, he then referenced Kennedy's statements on the matter in a way that indicated he intended to retort Kennedy's opinion on the matter and shift blame for the lack of progress. In his letter, Khrushchev states, "After that speech which, putting it bluntly, was belligerent in its nature, my letter would not have been understood by you since it completely differed in spirit, content, and tone of what you said.” The speech Khrushchev was referring to was Kennedy’s “Report to the Nation - Berlin Crisis, 25 July 1961” in which he explained that Khrushchev was making threats about his military power and defined West Berlin as an immediate threat to free men, stating that Khrushchev had seemed indifferent to reality of possible lives that could be lost. Khrushchev was obviously trying to play the role of the victim here in his response following Kennedy's speech to the nation about their meeting.
Congress approved the Peace Corps and Kennedy signed the legislation on September 22, 1961 as a permanent federal agency. When President Kennedy and Premier Khrushchev realized that they have almost brought a nuclear war after the Cuban Missile Crisis, they both wanted to reduce the tensions between the two nations. On August 5, 1963, the nations signed the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. The treaty prohibited testing of nuclear weapons underwater, in the atmosphere, or in outer space, allowed underground nuclear tests as long as there are no radioactive exposures beyond the boundaries of the nation, and pledged to work towards complete disarmaments, and an end to arms race. The foreign policies Kennedy provided helped protect the security and freedom of the world and elevated world peace among all
Assess the role of Ronald Reagan in changing East-West relations Argument: Reagan radically put an end to the period of détente and the prospects of an end to the Cold War. After the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, both the USA and the USSR wanted to limit arms production and limit the nuclear threat. Reagan opposed these policies; in his election campaign he openly rejected détente and disarmament. From 1980 to 1984, Reagan was continuously pressurizing the Soviet Union by expanding the US’s defense. Moreover Reagan changed the USA’s image by showing it as superior and prosperous.
‘The Cuban Missile Crisis was triumph for the Soviet Union.’ How valid is this assessment with reference to the years 1962 to 1964? The initial outcome of the Crisis did seem to be a Soviet loss at the hands of the USA. However, these losses were more apparent than real. In the long term the USSR won some vital and long-lasting victories. It also forced some crucial US losses which, due to the bi-polar nature of the US-USSR relations, translated into further Soviet victories.
After the US discovered the presence of the missiles the US issued a naval quarantine of Cuba. This brought the world to the brink of nuclear war as Soviet ships approached the quarantine line, but at the last minute the ships turned back as part of the US/Soviet agreement to withdraw their missiles from Cuba and the US’ from Turkey and secret clause of agreement that the US would not invade Cuba
With reference to the Marshall Plan, the Berlin blockade and airlift and the Cuban Missile Crisis, it is shown that America’s various attempts to contain communism from spreading throughout the world, eliminated the Soviet threat and controlled the spread of communism. Works Cited Simkin, J. (n.d.). The Marshall Plan. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmarshallP.htm Bureau of Public Affairs, U. D. (n.d.).
The overthrow of Ferdinand Marcos was a victory for the U.S. as it lead to democratic elections in which Corazon Aquino was elected. The Bay of Pigs was a major success for the Soviet Union as the U.S. was embarrassed by the readiness of Fidel Castro’s men who quickly ended the invasion. The Cuban Missile crisis was a success for the U.S. as they were able to stop the Soviets from advancing and forced them to move their nuclear weapons out of Cuba. The Somoza overthrown in Nicaragua was a success for the Soviet Union as Sandinistas who overtook the thrown were communists. The Iran Contra affair was a major failure for the United
| Move For Your Rights | | Christopher Sherwood | | Move For Your Rights | | Christopher Sherwood | History 102 jason lantzer October 13, 2012 History 102 jason lantzer October 13, 2012 Some may recall President Kennedy being the one shot by Lee Harvey Oswald from the Texas School Book Depository, while others remember John F. Kennedy(JFK) had permeated the history books with the issues regarding the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis and the Cold War. The tasking became overwhelming for the President of the United States when dealing with the Cuban and Soviet governments constructing bases in Cuba for a number of medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles with the ability to strike