During the summer of 1962, the flow of Soviet weapons to Cuba, including nuclear missiles, increased greatly. President Kennedy responded at first with a warning that the US would not tolerate the presence of offensive nuclear weapons on Cuba. On October 14, American U-2 planes took pictures as evidence for the president that the Soviets were secretly building missile bases on Cuba, and that some missiles were ready to launch and could reach US cities in minutes. The Soviet offered to remove the missiles in return asked America not to invade Cuba. President Kennedy agreed and the crisis
In October 1962, an American U-2 spy plane secretly photographed nuclear missile sites being built by the Soviet Union on the island of Cuba. President Kennedy did not want the Soviet Union and Cuba to know that he had discovered the missiles. He met in secret with his advisors for several days to discuss the problem. After many long and difficult meetings, Kennedy decided to place a naval blockade, or a ring of ships, around Cuba. The aim of this "quarantine," as he called it was to prevent the Soviets from bringing in more military supplies.
High Noon in the Cold War By: Max Frankel Max Frankel was a reporter for The New York Times during what some call one of the most frightening times post-World War II. In the book High Noon in the Cold War, Frankel tells his in depth coverage of the game of “nuclear chicken” played by John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev in October 1962, when Soviet missiles were secretly planted in Cuba and aimed at the United States. Drawing on secret government documents and his own familiarity with the story, Frankel describes the disastrous miscalculations of the two superpowers. The US thought the Soviets would never deploy missiles to Cuba, while the Soviets thought the US would just have to accept their deployment. “And so jointly, with the help of some foolish bases in Turkey, they miscalculated themselves into a flaming crisis” (P. 20).
Malcolm X is addressing everyone; friends, enemies, brothers, sisters; everyone. It has really no effect on how he’s speaking because he’s sincere in his point, the democrats didn’t follow through on the civil rights as they said they would and if everyone worked together, the blacks could have a say and make a difference. When Malcolm X addressed the unjust treatment of the blacks he blamed the democrats for playing a “political con game.” The topics of all of these speeches are the same in the sense that they all speak of civil rights and racism; the lack of civil rights and the continuation of racism. Kennedy’s speech differs greatly from both Malcolm X and Martin Luther’s speeches because he is addressing his fellow citizens, but when you read on, you can clearly see he is addressing those that are being racially discriminant against the blacks. Martin Luther is different because he’s strictly speaking to his brothers and sisters and how they’re going to be the change and live out his
Castro was forced to look to the USSR for help. America sent 1,300 Cuban exiles to overthrow him. And the USSR had promised Castro to defend Cuba by sending nuclear weapons. However the USA discover it. The Cuban Missile Crisis had begun at October 1962.
Nixon did not attempt to gain the African American vote, due to African Americans trying to desegregate themselves. Nixon thought if he supported the African Americans he would lose votes of American voters. Opposing Nixon, Kennedy supported the desegregation of African Americas from the American population. Kennedy reinforced the civil rights movements and went on record stating he has and will endorse Martin Luther King Jr’s acts after Kennedy secured King’s release from imprisonment. Kennedy’s campaign advisers advised him not to support the African American race because he would lose voters in the south.
In the fall of 1962, the United States and the Soviet Union were the closest out of anyone ever to a global nuclear war. Hoping to solve a strategic disadvantage brought up by the United States placing Nuclear Missiles in Europe pointed at the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union decided to send missiles of its own to Fidel Castro’s Cuba and point them at the United States. Once operational these nuclear missiles could be pointed at major cities and military targets across most of the continental United States. Before this happened, however, US intelligence discovered Nikita Khrushchev’s plans. The US’s solution was to form a blockade all around the island of Cuba and stop all soviet ships from entering the island (“The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962”).
Washington. Booker T. Washington understood that blacks would never be equal to whites and instead of fighting with it he accepted it. By understanding that the blacks would never be equal it prevented them from wasting anytime trying to become better individuals. Booker T. Washington took the idea of never getting past racism and preached about it. Instead of preaching that one day the blacks would have equality and preaching wrong, Booker T. Washington preached to them that being equal is not what it is all about.
When the war was over slavery was abolished but in the Presidential Election of 1864, Douglass did not support Lincoln because he felt that Lincoln was not enforcing that the blacks still could not vote, instead he supported John C. Fremont. When Lincoln died Douglass was one of the speakers, saying that Lincoln was a “white man’s president”, he also mentioned the positive and negatives about Lincoln’s presidency and how Lincoln want the expansion of slavery to stop but not completely eliminated. When Douglass gave his monthly speech in September 1861 “The Mission for War” (Douglass 176), he wanted to criticize the way that the army was being segregated and how black were not being given the same opportunities as white soldiers. He begins by mentioning how many blacks fought during the Revolutionary War, who received their freedom, but would still be willing to fight for their country if need be. But the Union does not want blacks with weapons since they themselves believed that black soldiers would not make for adequate troops.
Lincoln was of the opinion that while he would never accept the extension of slavery he would make no direct attempt to interfere with it where it existed. He and most other Northern political leaders believed slavery would die out, as long as there was no expansion. This is a key issue. When the US expanded its territory into the West there was fierce debate as to whether slavery should expand with it. Obviously the North were against it (believed would give extra power to South and lead to further expansion of slavery) and the South were for it.