Cold War Containment

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‘With reference to 3 flashpoints, discuss the implementation and effectiveness of the US policy of containment’ The Cold War was a period of tension between the world’s two biggest super powers, The Soviet Union and the United States of America as they both competed for supremacy. The Cold War lasted from 1945 until 1991 and during this period they fought for complete dominion over the world. The Cold War was a war fought indirectly through espionage spying, economic aid, proxy wars, propaganda, etc that stopped short of full-scale war. If a war was to break out it would result in a Nuclear War and endanger the existence of the world. The tension between these two countries is because of conflicting ideologies as the Soviet Union were communist…show more content…
At the end of WWII, a defeated Germany was divided amongst the victors, the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France. The Soviet Union took control of the Eastern half of Germany, the Western half was divided amongst the US, Great Britain, and France. Like the rest of the country, the capital city of Berlin, sitting dead in the middle of the Soviet-controlled Eastern half, was also divided into four parts, one half being Soviet controlled, and the rest divided amongst the others. On June 24th 1948, the Russians blockaded West Berlin which was being controlled by the Allied Powers (America, Britain and France). The Blockade was an attempt to prevent the Allies unifying the western parts of Germany. In addition Russia also wanted to rid West Berlin of the democratic viewed Allies. When the Soviet Union announced the Berlin Blockade on June 24 1948, the West was forced to make a decision about how to deal with it. Giving in to Russian demands was rejected as an option, and some consideration was given to an invasion. America eventually decided that the Berlin Airlift was the best option. The Berlin Airlift was a grand plan to supply all of the fuel, food, and shelter needs to the 2.5 million residents of West Berlin by plane. In May 1959, after ‘eleven months of the Berlin Airlift where American and British planes had supplied West Berlin with 1.5 million tons of supplies,…show more content…
With reference to the Marshall Plan, the Berlin blockade and airlift and the Cuban Missile Crisis, it is shown that America’s various attempts to contain communism from spreading throughout the world, eliminated the Soviet threat and controlled the spread of communism. Works Cited Simkin, J. (n.d.). The Marshall Plan. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmarshallP.htm Bureau of Public Affairs, U. D. (n.d.). Cuban Missile Crisis. Retrieved November 1, 2011, from US State Department for youth: http://future.state.gov/educators/lessons/cuba/43440.htm Colley, R. (2010, June 6). The Berlin Blockade and Berlin Airlift. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from
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