Level 3 Business Unit 2 P7

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P7 Solvency is when a business is able to pay is expenses as it has money available within the business. To determine solvency, businesses can use ratios such as current ratio and acid test ratio. These ratios allow businesses and potential investors to see how well that are able to meet their liabilities. Current Assets Current ratio = Current liabilities The acid test ratio shows the assets compared to liabilities, like the current ratio, but by taking out the stock figure from the current assets, it shows how well a business can meet its liabilities without having to sell stock, Current assets - stock Acid test ratio = Current liabilities Profitability Ratios can also show how profitable a business really is either as a snapshot or over time. There are three ways of working out how profitable a business really is: * Gross profit percentage – This calculation shows gross profit as a percentage of the turnover. Gross profit percentage is also sometimes called gross profit margin. The calculation shows how well the business is managing its purchases of stock. A high gross profit percentage shows the business is doing well as it is controlling the cost of its purchases. * Net profit percentage – This calculation takes the idea of profitability one stage further by actually considering the profit as a percentage of turnover after all the other expenses have been taken out. Looks something like this: Net profit x100 = net profit percentage Turnover * Return of capital employed – This calculation is worked out by considering the net profit as a percentage of the capital employed by that business. The reason this ratio is useful because it shows the amount of money an investor is receiving back on their capital as a percentage. This means they can

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