Law In Child Labor In Bangladesh

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Status of Children Bangladesh has a total population of 139.2 million, with a fertility rate of 3.2. The population of children in the age group of 0-14 years is almost 50 million. Given such a large child population, coupled with the low productivity of adults and resource constraints, it is inevitable that not all children are cared for and many of them have to work for their livelihood, which deprives them of a healthy childhood that includes access to nutrition, health care, education and recreation. In 2006, Bangladesh was ranked among the world's medium developed countries at number 137 (out of 177 countries). In UNDP's human poverty index (HPI-1), [6] Bangladesh ranked 85 th among 102 developing countries. The percentage of under-five year old under-weight children is 48 per cent. Forty per cent of adolescent girls and 30 per cent of boys suffer from anaemia. [7] Thirty per cent of infants have low birth-weight. The infant mortality rate is 56/1,000 live births and the under-five mortality rate is 77/1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth is 62.6 per cent. The maternal mortality rate is 280/100,000 live births. HIV prevalence in the age group of 15-49 years is below 0.2 per cent of population and there are 435 cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 persons. Seventy four per cent of the population has sustainable access to an improved water source. Childhood health and disease has reduced significantly with a widespread immunization coverage. Nevertheless, Bangladesh remains one of the highest malnutrition-prevalent countries and a high proportion of low birth weight in newborns continues to be a major concern. Approximately five million working children in Bangladesh are excluded from formal education. Although the ILO and the Government have taken up programmes to eliminate child labour from the formal sector, many children remain involved in hazardous
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