John Marshall's Contribution To The Supreme Court

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John Marshall, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for 34 years, was the most influential person in regards to shaping the constitution interpretation to the conservative. John Marshall affirmed the right of judicial review over Congressional legislation; however, the Chief Justice contributed much more to the Judicial Branch and the federal government. He used his traits to position the Judiciary as a co-equal branch of the United States’ government and to prevent the states from eroding federal power after the Eleventh Amendment was ratified. He made the judicial branch of the government the most powerful, in giving it the ability to interpret acts. Some monumental cases shaped the constitution along conservative lines are Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, Dartmouth v. Woodward, and Gibbons v Ogden.…show more content…
Madison which was in 1803. Secretary of state, James Madison held up one of John Adam’s “Midnight Judges” appointments; he was wrong to prevent William Marbury from taking office as justice of the peace for Washington County in the District of Columbia. Marbury sued and never received his job. However, it also ruled that the court had no jurisdiction in the case and could not force Jefferson and Madison to seat Marbury. The Judiciary Act of 1789 gave the Supreme Court jurisdiction, but the Marshall court ruled the Act of 1789 to be an unconstitutional extension of judiciary power into the realm of the executive. Fellow Hamiltonian and chief Justice Marshall dismissed Marbury’s suit, avoiding a political show down and magnifying the power of the court. This case cleared controversy over who had final say in interpreting the constitution. The states didn’t, the Supreme Court did. This case established the principle of judicial review and gave strengths and power to the
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