As it often refers to Gerry Mulligan and his associates in California, "West Coast" merely becomes synonymous with "cool jazz", although Lester Young, Claude Thornhill, and Miles Davis were based in New York. At the same time, many musicians associated with West Coast jazz "were much more involved in a hotter approach to jazz. Communication being what it is, it is hardly likely that any style of jazz was fostered exclusively in one area." Some jazz critics, such as French critic Hugues Panassié, looked down upon West Coast jazz because most of its musicians were white. However, there was a sizable number of African American musicians who played in the style, including Curtis Counce, Chico Hamilton, Buddy Collette and Hampton Hawes.
His music, as early as it was, had brought back jazz to the modern community. Society had enjoyed jazz and this sparked many industries such as record companies re-issuing jazz catalog across the world. As Marsalis’ career started to bloom, Wynton passion for classical music drove him into pursuing just that, a career in classical music, as well as jazz. As young as age twenty, Marsalis recorded trumpet concertos of musicians such as Mozart, Haydn, and Hummel. His popular new debut record lead him to record as many as 10 other classical records.
The sixties were when many artists started experimenting with different sound techniques such as distortion and playback. Among The Beatles and The Who, Jimi Hendrix was one of the pioneers in this new world of music. He was left handed but played a right handed guitar "upside down" which let him experiment more with his playing methods. The Sixties was also a great time for dance innovation with many dance fads and crazes coming into style. America and other countries were coming out of the Jive period and Rock-n-Roll was ushering in new and exciting dance moves which started the era of the Twist.
Born in the heart of New Orleans, it is lead to believe that jazz is both a popular music style and serious art form. This is proven to be correct through its development in the 19th and early 20th century, being heavily influenced through ragtime, marching bands, blues and African American spirituals. Throughout history, jazz has created serious use of improvisation, individuality and complexity that has shaped and aspired artists of today’s music. Before 1920, ragtime was seen to be a popular music style consisting of syncopated melodies and steady beats that had high contribution in creating a style of jazz. Primarily developed by African American Pianists who traveled throughout the south playing in saloons, dance halls and brothels, Ragtime flooded throughout America the music publishing industry, a music interest for whites and blacks.
Its artistic and unique styles assisted with breaking down racial barriers by proving a voice that resonated throughout America and the world. As African-Americans transitioned to more urban areas and their social and economic status began to change, so did their musical progression. Many different “negro sounds” emerged around the same time of Rhythm and Blues, but of all those genres it had and still has one of the most profound sounds in the music industry. Sure, Rhythm and Blues originated from genre styles such as gospel, jazz and blues, but what made it so refreshing was that it combined all of those styles and made a brand new sound to give back to the people. This new style of music consisted of constant rhythms (as stated in the name of the genre) and different instruments such as; saxophones, drums, bass guitars, and the human voice, simultaneously playing together to generate a sound that focused on the failures and triumphs of African-American culture as a whole.
Mambo music is up tempo and mainly instrumental that has many different distinctions and definitions. It is a big-band dance music genre featuring antiphonal sectional arrangements for contrasting brass instruments. Typical instruments involved in a mambo song are the conga, cajon, bongo, timbales, claves, upright bass, piano, trombones, trumpets, and saxophone. Mambo has its origins in American big band style of music mashed together with Cuban ideas of the montuno and danzon. The montuno involves a rhythmic backbeat infused with often-improvised solos.
As a leading producer of sugar, coffee, nickel, and tobacco, Cuba was attractive to entrepreneurs who contributed to a diverse cultural mix by bringing workers from Africa and Asia. Cuba was dominated as a Spanish colony until it’s independence from Spain in 1902. The migration of Cuban artists to Europe and various parts of the Americas such as Mexico and the United States has contributed another level of influence on the development of Cuban art and culture. Among the most important émigré artists is Wifredo Lam (1902-1982), who brought to Cuba from his long period of residence in Europe the influences of Pablo Picasso’s Cubism and Andre Breton’s Surrealism. The influence of these two movements with the emphasis of Surrealism on automatism and revealing the unconscious through visual and literary images, brought the new artistic developments of Europe into the Cuban artistic community.
Count Basie “Jumpin’ at the Woodside” Count Basie was born in 1904 in Red Bank, New Jersey, and grew up playing the piano. He was a leading figure of the swing era in jazz and formed the Count Basie Orchestra, which was one of the first big bands made. The band reached fame with hit songs such as “One o'clock Jump” (1937), “Jumpin' at the Woodside” (1938), and “Taxi War Dance” (1939). However, I will be focusing primarily on the song “Jumpin’ at the Woodside” and educate you with an in-depth description of the piece. It was recorded on August 22, 1938 by Decca Records, whom he had a record deal with.
He later played with Mile Davis and gained the musical freedom to come into his own. This was around the time when Coltrane recorded and released his second solo album ‘Blue Train’. ‘Blue Train’ may not have been Coltrane’s first solo album but it is most certainly the one that has stood the test of time. The album was not released from the record label Coltrane was signed to but released by Blue Note Label. Produced by Alfred Lion this album is forever a classic example of Jazz, Hard Bop and dance music of all kinds.
Portugal is most internationally well known in the music scene for its customs and traditions of fado, but the country has seen a recent development and growth with versatile musical styles, with modern tunes from hip hop to rock now becoming widespread throughout the small country. Fado is one of the treasures of Portugal and one of the most beautiful and original musical styles in the world today. The type of Fado that has captivated international audiences, through fado performers like Amália Rodrigues. Portuguese music was influenced greatly by Ancient Rome’s musical tradition which was brought into the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans. Its genres range vastly from classical to popular music.