Continuity and Change in Trade from 1450-1914 2/22/13 East Asia The years 1450 to 1914 were a volatile time for trade. In 1450, trade was based mostly on the Silk Road, with a majority of goods coming from the Middle and Far East. The New World still wasn’t explored and the slave trade had not started yet. A new era of European expansion and dominance was just around the corner. Many things changed and new goods, even human ones, were traded across the globe from 1450 to 1914.
Most of the wood could be taken places by the Sahara where they couldn’t get trees to grow to build houses. Lastly, the silk road was a major part of trading because it wasn’t all about just the goods, they got a lot more other things from the different people trading with them. With the silk roads increasing, it allowed little villages to turn into bigger city/states that were mainly based on trade. They could make a lot of money from taxes by charging people that came on the roads through there city for passing. The silk roads were first mainly based off of silk coming out of China, plus gold and spices
The Silk Road and the Saharan Caravan trade routes had many differences and similarities in their development and the impact on the civilizations they made. They were comparable and diverse in many areas of society such as: the development of the empire and how it all began, architecture and writing that was developed, and the spread of religion throughout the region between 300 BCE – 600 CE. The Silk Road developed between 300 BCE and 600 CE. This is because of HOW the Silk Road began and started to develop quickly throughout the world. The major step towards development of the Silk Road was because of the Chinese Emperor Wu Di.
Referring the map to Document 2, explains that an ideal climate average for the growth of cane sugar is sixty-eight degrees Fahrenheit to ninety degrees Fahrenheit which slaves are forcefully working and growing sugar out in the heat. It is an evident fact the British, French, and Spanish bought this land using slaves in an undesirable climate to grow lots of sugar on their land which pushed the sugar trade. Displayed in Document 6, are requirements of what a sugar plantation of five hundred acres should require. A few of the requirements are a boiling house, distilling house, rum house, and salt provisions. All of these houses on this one large piece of land help advance the sugar trade by the production of sugar all being done in one place.
This helped Britain gain such a large Empire because by trading they got money and power so that they could send out exploration ships and armies to go to other countries and take it. The final way that Britain gained such a large empire was by exploration. For example when someone was committed of a crime they would be sent to jail but the jails in Britain were so crowded there was no room so the convicts were sent to another country mainly America but when America became independent they had to be taken somewhere else, so they were sent by ship to Australia. They were only able to do this because Captain James Cook went on
[ Through this development, the usage of trans-Saharan routes increased, and enabled Eurasian people to contact more often with southern Africa. But because of harsh environment of Saharan desert, this trade was more limited than other routes, and regular trade routes did not develop between 600 B.C. and 600 A.D., and even until the beginnings of the Islamic conversion of West Africa in the 7th and 8th centuries. And difficulty of aggressive and massive movement because of harsh environment would be the cause that there were almost no wars using
Monsoon winds aided sailors and merchants since travel time was shortened by sailing quickly with the wind. Monsoons emphasized maritime travel to get to different coasts of the Indian Ocean basin. For many Asian regions, the monsoons and maritime travel was the most efficient way to travel quickly. Maritime travel did not only attract many Asian regions but Portugal as well. In the late 1400s, a Portuguese captain and his sailors, Vasco da Gama came upon East-African city-states and pirated goods and raw materials, with the intent to control, but the attempt was a failure.
The Trans-Atlantic trading system mainly took silver from deposits in Potosí, Bolivia, thus, creating a connection to the old and new world. By trading silver with Chinese, who only accepted silver from the Americas, it created a high demand for silver, allowing an increase in global economy. Resulting in the middle passage, the Trans-Atlantic had a gigantic involvement with slaves, who kept up sugar plantations, thus, connecting West Africa to the Caribbean and America to Western Europe. In contrast to the Trans-Atlantic, the Indian Ocean trade connected East to West Africa and Europe to Africa. Goods traded along the system included silk and porcelain from China, spices from SE Asia and peppers, pearls, and cotton from India.
Social Studies: Persuasive Essay Thesis Statement: The Kingdom of Kush is worth learning since it had lots of things other civilizations wanted and it was a trading center. Three Important Facts: * Kush had iron, gold, ivory, leather and timber. * Kush`s location and natural resources made it an important trading center. * Egyptians traded grain and linen for Kush`s gold, ivory, leather, and timber. 1st Paragraph: Introduction Kush was located on the Nile River to the south of Egypt.
Axum adopted Christianity form the Egyptian religion known as Coptic Christianity. This shows that Axum was an advanced civilization and had many important achievements including becoming a trading center as well as a unified civilization. Ghana is another example of a empire in Africa that had many complex and sophisticated achievements. Between 700 and 1067, the Ghana rose to power an gained control of the Saharan gold and salt trade (Document 2). Ghana was made up of small farming communities, but traded many goods such as salt, gold, ivory, leather, ostrich feathers, and slaves which came from the local berber