What were the reasons for European imperialism in Africa? Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist invasion, and was eventually conquested and colonized. By the early twentieth century much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by Europe. The European invasion into Africa was driven by three main factors, economic advancement, rivalries between countries, and. The primary motivation for European invasion was economic.
To what extent were economic motives the most important reason for Britain obtaining influence and possessions in Africa from 1868 – 1902? There are many factors involved which allowed Britain to obtain influence and possessions in Africa during the scramble. The main factors are Strategic, The individuals in the field, humanitarian issues and properly the most important factor; economics. Economics could be described as the main reason for British interests in Africa to begin with but also remaining an important factor throughout this period. The British involvement in Africa was down to economic reasons; this is clear throughout the time period as most events which take place in Africa can be linked back to economy.
“The role of individuals was the most important factor in the expansion and dismantlement of the British Empire in Africa 1870-1980” There are many different factors that caused the expansion and dismantlement of the British Empire in Africa during 1870-1980. As a result of British New Imperialism and the creation of Germany in 1871, Africa became a hotly contested area for expansion for European states. Although the role of individuals were vital in securing a governing body in many African countries - such as Nigeria - it was the economic prosperity that opened an opportunity for expansion, coupled with the strategic factors that became increasingly important. The dismantlement of the empire in Africa was mainly due to World War II. The subsequent economic crisis and changing attitudes in colonial countries were the two main issues that caused decolonisation.
Because We Could Harry James-Roxby There is no single event that caused the scramble of Africa, rather it was a series of choices made by European countries between 1870 and 1900s. Each nation had their own reasons for wanting a piece of the African “pie”, for Brittan it was to give the empire more power over trade, for the French it was for prestige, and for King Leopold II it was boredom and the means to do it. Before the scramble for Africa could happen, Europeans had to go through an industrial revolution that began in 1840, this boom created new tools and medicines that helped Europeans exert control over far off lands. The revolution ushered in an era of “New Imperialism” that helped spread the ideas of empire around Europe. With all the nations wanting a piece of Africa agreements had to be met so that a Europeans don’t go to war with one another.
The trading companies played a significant role in triggering the Navigation Acts, but it was the acts themselves that put trade in the hands of the British. Therefore, it can be judged that the Navigation Acts were the main reason for the growth of the British Empire. The Navigation Acts were the most important aspects which not only helped, but accelerated the growth of the British Empire. The Navigation Acts which began in 1650 had four major aims in its mercantile policy, to encourage the growth of a native merchant marine fleet including colonial ships, to protect English agriculture and manufacturers from foreign competition and to make as much bullion as possible. It started off by forbidding the import of all goods, unless they were imported in English ships.
Also, he suggests that they fortify existing or erect new forts, castles and settlements along the African coasts. The reason he is asking this (on behalf of the merchants from Liverpool, Bristol and London, as he mentions several times), is the importance of the African slave trade to the American colonies and sugar plantations. Already in the first paragraph he starts by saying that he shall take it for granted that it is well-known that “the Well-being and Prosperity of our American Colonies depends upon the Supply of Slaves from the Coast of Africa; and that some of the most valuable Branches of the Slave-Trade will be absolutely lost, without an immediate Supply, and
Britain had also established a railroad network to transport raw products to ports and out of India, and then transport manufactured goods back in. Wares included tea, indigo, coffee, cotton, jute, and Opium. My evaluation of the 'World History Patterns of Interactions' textbooks suggest that Britain gained control easily of India, and used them to gain raw products for their own good. Britain took advantage of this country, and India benefited and was harmed by the
Leopold personally sent an American journalist Henry Morton Stanley to navigate throughout already set up colonies in Congo to make treaties with locals that would accept Leopold as their ruler. By getting his name known around the Congo it gave Leopold rising potential to fully rule the area. His main interests for imperializing the Congo was for economic success since the region was full of raw materials such as rubber and had a large labor force that could easily become manipulated and misused. Also since the age of imperialism was just gaining popularity Leopold was pressured by other nations to get more involved with imperialism. Leopold saw the Congo geographically perfect since it was on the coast of Africa and positioned along the Congo River, which allowed quick and easy accessibility for trading
Africa Imperialism of Africa was directly related to three factors, economic, political, and social. After the collapse of the profitable anti-slave trade, expansion of European capitalist Industrial Revolution there was a demand and assurance of raw material, because Africa was so large and fruitful this brought about the scramble for Africa. European powers, Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal, and Spain sought out to gain control of land. This was so intense that the presence of fear of war would evolve, a treaty instilled by the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck was produced at the famous Berlin West Africa conference known as the Berlin Act in hopes of preventing conflict and war. Africa did not partake in the treaty and eventually use military resistance.
They, like other nations that imperialized there, new it had much needed resources that other places did not have. They also believed colonizing there would help gain back their power and superiority that was lost at the end of the French Revolution. With these reasons in mind, France tried and succeeded in gaining many huge parts of Africa. However, their accomplishments did come at a price. While trying to conquer Algeria in North Africa, France fought with the people living there.