Why Socrates Refuse of Escape from Prison? Philosophical viewpoints can be problematic. This ancient Greek philosopher conviction to die was an inexcusable waste of an invaluable thinker for the humanity; and those feeling get even worse when I realize, as per ones understanding, he was a victim of such unfair incomprehensible circumstances. Therefore, throughout the portrait of his friends, colleges and students, Socrates leaves societies a great contribution to the field of ethics, political, civil, moral, and so on. To be able survive the pass of the times and even contribute to society thought the memories of other, Socrates –and any other that may accomplish this, I should say- have to be an outstanding human being.
Sometimes being physical and violent does not resolve an issue. Hence why he believes persuasion is much more effective. For Socrates, finding the truth through reasoning is a just manner. Socrates speaks with Crito about that even if someone does evil you, you must not do evil back to him or her. If you do evil to another you are injuring them.
They were the moral values in which the entire Greek society was built and supported. Despite the fact that violating moral pillars back then could result in serious consequences, the characters did not seem to keep that in mind because they committed their acts so willingly. I think Sophocles was trying to get the point across that looks can be deceiving. I say this because society at that time was supposedly so pure, and the fact that all these characters violated the moral values in which their society was founded shows that there may be more than meets the eye. The characters that disobey pillars in this play are Oedipus, Laos, Jocasta, the party goer, and the shepherd.
The ancient text Crito by Plato is a staged dialogue between Socrates and Crito in which is attempting Crito offers numerous arguments to encourage Socrates escape imprisonment. Crito emphasizes that if Socrates does not escape, no one would believe that he had cooperatively faced execution. That the people of Athens would fault Crito for not helping Socrates, assuming that he values his money more than the life of his close friend. Crito argues that there are other states in which Socrates has allies that will keep him safe and continues to emphasis that he should not easily give in to his enemies. However, Socrates argues against Crito’s proposal to help using few arguments.
The only thing I don’t agree with after reading this information is that he corrupted the youth. I think that because Socrates is good person at heart, despite all his wrongdoings, maybe keeping the younger people out of it would’ve been the smart thing to do. According to Meletus and the others, Socrates is the only person in Athens who does not better the youth. I do not agree with this because how can someone blame a person for the corruption of a younger generation. There had to have been more than one person corrupting them in my opinion.
According to King, it is impractical because it slows the process of ending the oppression for all, and it is immoral because it seeks humiliate the opponent rather than win his understanding. So, violence destroys community and brotherhood by planting hatred rather than love. The third way based on King is nonviolent resistance. He believes in this way no individual or group need give in to any wrong, nor need anyone resort to violence in order to right a wrong. According to king, this is the method that oppressed people must follow to win against the unjust system while loving the perpetrators of the system.
When you are ignorant, you choose to not recognize that there is wrong in the world or that wrong is being done to you. This proverb can be clearly illustrated in Plato’s ‘Allegory of the Cave’ and the story of ‘Oedipus the King’. In the story of ‘Oedipus the king’, it is prophesized that Oedipus would kill his father and marries his mother. If Oedipus had remained oblivious of the ancient prophecy he would not have ultimately stabbed out his own eyes. And imposed on himself the penalty of exile.
* The vice of excess is entirely too much of the virtue which leads to excess rather than moderation, e.g. the excess vice of modesty is shyness. Aristotle asks followers to choose the mean or middle ground between virtue and defect: rather than praising a golden unevenness, followers are expected to discover the middle ground for themselves – to avoid excess and lacking character in any particular kind of action. Aristotle said that virtue is a state of having increased the ‘right prescription’ of good behaviour or ‘orthos logos’. A virtuous person will be able to apply the virtues to practical ethics for example; they will know when to show courage etc.
All the Melian men are slaughtered and the women and children forced to slavery. The Melians present a lot of arguments to the Athenians. First they argue that they have always been a neutral nation and that must be respected. Melians offered them to be their friends and not enemies as this would be beneficial to both. But the Athenians rejected their offer by saying that they would not be much affected by their hostility but on the other hand their friendship would prove a sign of their weakness and they would be considered coward to allow such a small and insignificant island to not be ruled by them.
To be truly free the right to live should be your sole right, thus if we are to take Socrates opinion we as men are not free. Contrasting this to modern times, it is against the law that one man takes the life of another since it infringes on the basic right of man to live. However, for committing murder a man may be sentenced to death by the government. If we are considering Socrates philosophy does it mean man is really the property of his government? Socrates’ opinions raises questions