Mound 38, best known as Monk’s Mound was being built in several stages, mostly between AD 900 and AD 1200. This great platform mound built in Cahokia is the largest Indian Mound north of Mexico and the largest prehistoric earthen construction in the Americas. Being the largest Indian
It allows us to understand how sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks, and Igneous Rocks use one another to not only form the Rock Cycle, but also other processes that are important to our planet. The rock cycle beings with hot magma, deep below the earth’s surface. Once the magma dries, crystallization occurs, and results in igneous rocks. Over time weathering occurs to the igneous rocks. Over time weathering takes over the igneous rocks.
The composition, temperature, | |pressure, and cooling process of the molten material determine the minerals and rock types formed. These are called igneous rocks | |and contain original or primary minerals. When these rocks are subjected to chemical and physical processes, such as freezing and | |thawing, they break apart into smaller fragments forming sediments. These smaller particles that compose the sediments can be | |physically transported and redeposit by gravity, water, and wind. If the redeposit particles are bound together by compaction or | |cementation (formation of new secondary minerals in the spaces between the loose particles), sedimentary rocks are formed.
The Navajo Nation extends into the states of Utah, Arizona and New Mexico, covering over 27,000 square miles of unparalleled beauty. Diné Bikéyah, or Navajoland, is larger than 10 of the 50 states in America. The Navajo Nation presides approximately over 250,000 Navajos. It originated after the discovery of oil on the reservation in the 1920’s. The Navajo Nation was created to do meet the desires of American oil companies the wanted to explore the land on the reservation.
HST103A: World History Makeila Smith 1/19/15 Unit 1 - Study Guide Important Topics: 1. Human Origins (original species, date and location): Homo sapiens, Middle English, middle French, & Latin, 1350-1400 2. Paleontologist: the science of the forms of life existing in former geologic periods, as represented by their fossils. 3. Archaeologist: a specialist in archaeology, the scientific study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, etc.
|The Old and the New, Djoser’s Step Pyramid and Hatshepsut’s Mortuary Temple | | | | | Djoser’s Step Pyramid Built to hold his body after death, Djoser’s Step Pyramid rises 62 meters high and is built entirely of stone. Until the beginning of the Third Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, the main building materials were wood, reeds, and mudbrick. The first building to be constructed complexly in stone was the Step Pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser at Saqqara (Garret). Before this only a few details, such as doorways or the paving of a tomb chamber, had been made of stone. According to Manetho, the inventor of the art of building in stone was Imhotep.
These basalt columns were transported many miles for two reasons, to make fences around sacred areas, and also to be used in making buildings. This building is a tomb, and it housed two coffins filled with luxurious offerings such as jade, serpentine, obsidian,
Envision a large Native American settlement with one hundred foot tall mounds, solar observatories, fertile farming grounds, religious practices, and even human sacrifices. In this city lies tens of thousands of people, over 120 earthen mounds, and farms as far as the eye can see (Seppa). These weren’t the Maya or Aztecs of Mexico. We are in the city of Cahokia. Cahokia was for its time the largest Native American settlement north of Mexico.
Cultural Innovations of the Upper Paleolithic Many unanswered mysteries of our past have started to unfold, with the discovery of many cultural innovations from the upper patholetic, such as art, the domesitcation of dogs, burials and new tool/blade technology that archoelist have found in their excuavations. We will see that the study archoelgology is the pathway to the unknown and it bridges the gap between current times and thousands of years of history. The cultural innovations of the upper patholecitc are so profound in the creation of modern culture, this is where it all comes together. The easrliest art objects found in Europe are dated from this period, small figurines of humans and animals carved from bone and ivory have been found. The most portable and most stricking are " Venus Figurines" (Price & Feinman 7th Ed.