Ardipithecus: A Brief Summary

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Introduction Have you ever wondered where we come from? Anthropologists have made many discoveries in the past few decades that have increased our knowledge as to who our ancestors are and how humans evolved. “Lucy” who was discovered in 1974. Anthropologists have discovered fossil remains of an ancestor older than Lucy; a female named Ardipithecus, or Ardi for short, who possesses human and ape-like qualities. Ardi proved that bipedalism, or walking upright on two feet, existed half a million years before previously thought * Thesis: The main features of Ardi that helped shed light on these discoveries were from close examinations of Ardi’s skull, pelvis and limbs, and her teeth. Skull Let’s begin by talking about Ardi’s skull.…show more content…
Ardi’s skull was instrumental in determining that she was bipedal and proved that she had a small brain, a less-protruding muzzle, and a short cranial base. Pelvis and Limbs Now let’s move down the skeleton and talk about Ardi’s pelvis, hands and feet. Ardi’s pelvis and limbs were the major indicators that she was bipedal but was also able to move through the trees like an ape. Jill Neimark’s article describes how the upper blades of Ardi’s pelvis, the ilium, are shorter and broader than in apes which would have lowered her center of mass so that she could balance on one foot when she walked. In contrast the lower part of her hip was powerfully primitive like an ape adapted for climbing. Tim White and his team inferred from her pelvis that her spine was long and curved like a humans. Ardi’s feet and hands also gave proof that she walked on the ground and climbed in the trees. According to a 2009 article in Science Magazine by C. Owen Lovejoy “Reexaming Human Origins in Light of Ardipithecus ramidus” unlike humans, Ardi had an opposable toe which enabled her to grasp branches and climb in the trees, whereas we have five rigid toes she has one opposable

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