Immigration in Germany Labour Problems

620 Words3 Pages
Migration Migration is identified as a movement of people. There can be two kinds of migration: immigration and emigration. In this part I am going to talk only about immigration to Germany. It is defined as a movement of people into country. This movement will help to meet future labour demand and a shortages caused by shrinking German working-age population. However, international recruitment is difficult process. Restrictions still prevent the employment of most skilled workers, even if there is a labour shortage. In Germany there are three types of immigrants: EU-immigrants, non-EU and students. Skilled workers The biggest shortage in German labour market is skilled workers. The market is showing shortages in different occupations. For example, there are not enough engineers, IT specialist, mathematicians or specialists in natural science. Scarcity is expected to reach 5.4 million by 2025 (federal Employment Agency, 2011 a ) . Immigrants should fill out this labour deficit. There are two kinds of immigrants- EU and non-EU immigrants. The most of high-skilled immigrants come from non-EU countries. In 2011 most of them were from India, United States, Japan, China. Regulations are different for both, but for latter much stricter. Regulations EU immigrants Citizens from European Economic Area ( EU plus Iceland, Norway, Lichtenstein) and Switzerland are allowed to live and work in Germany freely. The only requirement is to register your living place. The only exception is for Bulgaria and Romania citizens, they have to get a living/working permit. Non- EU immigrants Regulations for non-EU citizens are much harder. First, they have to get a visa. Then residence/working permit. In order to get these documents they have to know their living place in Germany in advance and to provide their employment contract or confirmation of study place in German
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