In some instances, defense mechanisms are thought to keep inappropriate or unwanted thoughts and impulses from entering the conscious mind. For example, if you are faced with a particularly unpleasant task, your mind may choose to forget your responsibility in order to avoid the dreaded assignment. In addition to forgetting, other defense mechanisms include denial, repression and projection. In denial, is one of the best known defense mechanisms, used often to describe situations in which people seem unable to face reality or admit an obvious truth? Denial is an outright refusal to admit or recognize that something has occurred or is currently occurring.
Thus a person can initially adopt a neutral stance, but soon become mired in the conflict and unable to withdraw. Moreover, one’s own moral instincts often force a person to engage with one side or another. Once the moral choices become clear it can be difficult to remain detached. Finally, once gains some perspective on what conflict truly entails it becomes almost impossible to remain a bystander. The long and brutal history of conflict between the western powers and the eastern bloc over the issue of communism illustrates just how people can be drawn into a conflict whether they wish to or not.
While a little amount of fear and lack of trust might be necessary, excess of these things is not good and prevents one from doing a lot of things including difficulty in communicating effectively. It is important that service users trust the service providers because the service user may not take the service providers advice with could be potentially dangerous or even life threatening. Some conditions, such as having a stroke, being depressed or having other mental health problems may affect an individual’s ability to communicate, because they affect the person’s
A decision based on rationality is said to be logical, reasoned and sensible, whereas an emotional decision is passion-filled and unreliable. This is only true in some cases, but it is in my opinion that an intelligent person is both emotional and rational, using both of these features in different circumstances to make the best decisions. However, it depends on the situation you’re in whether it would be better to react from an emotional perspective or from a rational one. There are many circumstances under which an emotional person would be clouded from seeing the lack of logic in a situation that a rational person would be able to deal with. If someone is in an abusive relationship, they may not be able to end it because their emotions outweigh they ability to think rationally, whereas to everyone outside of the relationship the only logical thing to do is the end the relationship.
Alex continued to side-step the issue of his real work. He was trying to avoid this conflict with Sarah, but the issue of lack of self-disclosure is creating a trust issue and a conflict within the relationship. Improper self-disclosure can create conflicts in a relationship, and it creates trust issues. Our text tells us that “the process of developing and deepening a relationship requires reciprocal and appropriate self-disclosure and the development of mutual
In the quest to avoid fallacies in my own thinking, it is first necessary to understand what fallacies are. "Fallacies are mistakes of reasoning, as opposed to making mistakes that are of a factual nature. Biases are persistant and widespread psychological tendencies that can be detrimental to objectivity and rationality. Being aware of them can help us avoid their influence. We might also be in a better position to
Secondly, they authors state, “We need an explanation for why some people, but not others, are able to resist the impulses that nature has given them.” Because we don’t know why someone does something and another person do not, brings us down to a matter of choice. Free will can have a small part in the way people act. Summary: According to Rachel’s, we don’t just do things to do it, we do them because it is behavior that we constantly repeat and most likely get rewarded for. Also, they argue that any of us might behave badly of we were unlucky enough to be in the wrong circumstances. Lastly, they question whether people are just born bad.
If there is a lack of reward then people may resist. Sometimes people have the "what's in it for me" mentality, so if there is no reward involved in the change then they may not embrace it. Other times people may just be unwilling to try new things because of their personality type. Finally, resistance can be political. People use resisting change as a political opportunity to prove that the change is wrong and to see the change
Another weakness is the consequences, in some situations when consequences are too severe that many think it is better to break a rule than allow awful thing to happen. The theory is too rigid, sometimes the consequences can change the rightness or a wrongness of an action, but in this theory the person is judged on the action which can be unfair. It’s inflexible as you should be able to break a rule if the individual’s circumstances warrant it. There is no consideration to human emotion, there are situation where individuals break rules because of emotions, for example if a person is scared they may lie to protect themselves which in Kant’s eyes this would be morally wrong. The theory is a priori, some claim we out our duty a priori but it is also argued we need to refer to experience to work out what is right.
One’s perception is ‘attention dependent’, which means if our attention is elsewhere, we may not notice something that is significant. Therefore, a detail that is significant to one person might be completely insignificant to another. This illustrates the inaccuracy of trusting one’s perception. Another knowledge issue related to the trusting our perceptions is that our biases and emotions play a strong part in colouring our reasoning. Everyone is bias one way or another to certain things in life.