How Far Were Divisions Among It's Opponents Responsible for the Survival of Tsarist Rule in the Years 1881 – 1905?

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There were many factors in the survival of Tsarist rule from 1881 – 1905. The divisions among it's opponents played a part, as it meant that Tsarist opposition had no common goals, and couldn't work together to achieve it. The October Manifesto is another factor, it split up Nicholas' opposition even further by dividing the Liberals into two groups. Pobedonostsev & his repressive policies played a large part in the Survival of Tsarist autocracy, as he was able to keep the people down, not giving them enough ground to start a successful revolution. Lastly, Russia's backward society is one of the main reasons Nicholas II survived after 1905. There were three main groups that opposed the Tsar up until 1905. The Social Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) was a Marxist political party for the industrial workers in Russia. They disliked the Tsar the most, and wanted to wrest control from him and have Russia become the first communist state in the world. However, there was a dispute on how the party should be run. Vladimir Ulyanov – otherwise known as Lenin – wanted the party to contain solely dedicated revolutionaries, a small elite that would lead the revolution. Leon Trotsky wanted to have the party become as large as possible, incorporating as many workers as possible. He believed that only through sheer numbers could a revolution be achieved. In the end, Lenin's ideology won in the SDLP congress, and him and his group became known as the 'Bolsheviks' (men of the majority) and Trotsky's group become known as the 'Mensheviks' (men of the minority). While these two groups had effectively the same goals and aims, they treated each other as enemies due to the minor dispute on how to run the party. This weakened their overall threat, as their numbers were divided; and thus their potential power was halved. The Social Revolutionary Party (SRP) was a socialist political
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