Was the Reformation Politically or Religiously Motivated? The Reformation begun by Martin Luther was a 16th century conflict in Europe that would shape the future of the world. Certainly the Catholic church was political, even in the 1500's, however it was religion that powered the Reformation. For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church had oppressed the uneducated and poor peasants for an unjust hierarchical structure. Peasants were captive to their lords, essentially forced into servitude without wages.
This was seen as very bad news for the Catholics. Since the RUC always stuck with its traditional pro-unionist role, the police force was feared and hated by the Catholic people. This of course, angered many Catholics as they felt that they could not rely on such a corrupt service that basically hated them, but despite this, was supposed to be there to protect them. During the 1960’s, Catholic employment tended towards the lower end of the job market and they were employed mainly in unskilled and lower paying jobs such as, factory workers and clothing manufacturers. Of course, the Protestants on the other hand had relatively higher paying jobs for example, engineering and shipbuilding.
One of the main leaders in the act to resist the Roman Catholic Church’s authority and change the ideas of Christianity in the Protestant Reformation was Martin Luther. Martin Luther, a German priest in Wittenberg during the 1500s, had opposed several immoral practices of the Catholic Church not only in Germany, but also all of Europe due to the extensive reach of power
Bismarck began to fight back, he banned the most active order of Catholic priests and introduced a law that the government had a right to inspect all schools, including Catholic ones. The government would also control the training of priests and appoint them to churches and no one could be married without a civil ceremony in a government office. The Catholics saw this all as an attack on their beliefs, the country was left in struggle resulting in the ‘Kulterkampf’ movement. The loyalty of the Catholics had been weakened and the Prussian conservatives did not want the government to control local problems. This made Bismarck largely unpopular and cause disunity in Germany.
Articles 26 and 27 of the new Constitution encouraged local councils to ban bell ringing, shut religious schools and threatened to phase out the subsidies to the clergy. Many priests were not wealthy and this resulted in them forming right-wing Catholic parties. The severe alienation of the right from the left negatively impacted the Second Republic as they were brought up against new opposition as a result of its new reforms. New reforms also angered the army. As Minister of War, Manuel Azaña tackled over manning in the army by allowing all officers to transfer to the reserve list on full pay, a generous offer.
On the other hand, many people question Henrys decision. Some of the evidence that was collected at the time was unreliable & biased against the monasteries the people of the community had no one to help them if they were sick, had a shortage of food or if they were made temporarily homeless they would have no where to get help for any of these problems. OK, this is a long story you know but i'll try my best to keep it succinct. Henry was married to
This created a lack of unity throughout Russia and in order to tackle this issue, the Tsar imposed a policy called Russification. Russification was an attempt to make everybody living in Russia speak one language, Russian, and share cultural values. This created a great problem for the country as it caused a lot of discontent; people were proud of their hereditary cultures and didn’t want them to be taken away from them. Consequently, the Tsars call for Russification led to more extremism and anger towards the Russian government and was a great problem they faced. Russia was a religious orthodox country in the 1900s and the church greatly impacted the beliefs of followers.
During the divorce Henry was not only faced with Papal opposition but also staunch resistance from Catherine's supporters. These first stages of the reformation proved difficult for Henry. He was unable to gain a Papal dispensation and many of his policies were opposed by the queen's party and the Queen's head group. Both of these groups worked together to defend Catherine
The prices went through the roof. It also affected the Society. The Church's power decreased, unable to solve what was going on and the angry peasants revolted because the government was just as powerless. The wealthiest didn't care much about the middle class and were too busy worrying about themselves, just like Prince Prospero. "The external world could take care of itself.
Many factors led to the rise of Protestantism, for example, events like the Black Death and the Western Schism. The most crucial factors were the reformers themselves. Two of the most famous reformers were Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus. Luther was a German priest who found the ways of the Roman Catholic Church to be corrupt, he fought the church until he was named an outlaw by the emperor, and shunned by the pope. Erasmus was a Dutch Renaissance humanist, and Catholic priest.