Who were the major players in the Spanish Civil War and how did they affect its course and outcome? For the first time in Spain’s history, 1931 marked the year that changed the country into an orderly democratic republic. The exile of King Alfonso XIII in 1931 because of the loss in support from the Spanish people only highlighted that the monarchy was doomed. Therefore, the Second Spanish Republic ruled from 1931 until 1937 and was under the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera whose main aims was to modernize Spain through liberal, democratic means. Although, the development of change already faced opposition from right-winged supporters, including rich landowners who feared social changes that the Republic would try to implement.
Schools were to be funded from local rates, including religious schools. This outraged the nonconformists because it meant that their taxes were being spent on schools in which they strongly objected. English nonconformists refused to pay their taxes. Another way in which Balfour lost the Conservatives popularity is by failing to take the part of the trade unions in the Taff Vale case. In 1901, a dispute had broken out in Wales between the Taff Vale Railway Company and the railway workers’ trade
non interference from the government. This meant that they believed people should be left to sort out their own problems. There was an attempt by Joseph Chamberlin to introduce Tariff Reforms in 1903, money from this would be used to help the poor but this was very unpopular and was part of the reason for the failure of the Conservative Party to win the 1906 election. In 1894 the universal franchise was introduced, allowing all men to vote, unless they were in prison, or a lunatic asylum. The new voters had different
Details from this source show this as it says, “…there will be a considerable degree of ratting…” This means that the doctors will give up the fight because Bevan is too powerful to stand up to. “Unfortunately, the economic sanctions which Bevan can draw against us are grim…” The source also shows how the doctors were unhappy with the NHS scheme. “…90 per cent vote amongst doctors against the National Health Service Act, and tempers are rising on all sides.” This supports the impression and message that source one gives. Source three somewhat agrees and supports with source one but not to the full extent. It backs up the fact that the doctors had to be pushed
* Lost terriorty in Poland & Western Russia – PG were blamed for losses just like the Tsar was when took charge. * War made finical problems – Inflation still a problem and food shortages were high. * Russia expected these things to be stored out – PG short-lived because they were full of empty promises. Promised land reform to the peasants ( made up a large amount of the population , Bolshevik priority was to keep them on their side) no action was taken * Couldn’t guarantee food supplies as because soviet controlled the railways. * Political reform also promised political reform in an attempt to stop the revolutionaries but no action was taken.
The Old Poor Law of 1834 was reformed because it could not cope due to the large numbers of people claiming poor relief. This was due to population rise, commercialisation of farming which left people with no jobs, decline of agricultural crafts, harvest failures, food shortages due to war, higher food prices and change in attitude to claiming social welfare as there was no stigma attached to being poor anymore. This led to different measures such as the introduction of the Speenhamland system of 1795. Having investigated the reasons for the reformation of the Poor Law, we will now focus on the reasons that led to the reform. There were six main reasons that led to the old Poor Law Reform to easily pass which were: a willing government, Tories were a minority, Climate change, objectors were not listened to, and a Report based on evidence collected by the commission of enquiry.
Another factor to the growth of opposition against the Tsar was due to the Rasputin becoming advisor to Alexandria as Nicholas the second went to war. During September 1915 and December there was frequent changes such as; 4 prime ministers ,5 interior ministers and 3 ministers of agriculture. This made it hard for people of Russia to keep up and it made no improvements to Russia’s society. In addition this made the Tsar hated among the people and the opposition grew against him. However, if Alexandra accepted reforms from the Duma instead of Rasputin a reduction of opposition would of
The conservatives resisted the change of the decade by the police and courts cracking down on radicals: prohibition outlawed liquor, the Klu Klux Klan attacked immigrants and radical minorities, and fundamentalist Christians decried the changing code of morality and the teaching of evolution in schools, while congress drastically restricted immigration. The shift of population from rural to urban led to heightened social tensions in the 1920’s. Intent on pressuring traditional social values, rural Americans saw in the city all that was evil in contemporary life. Saloons, whorehouses, little Italys, little Polands, communist cells, free love, and atheism; these were all identified within the city. The countryside struck back.
This led to further economic collapse that hit its climax 1777. So in order for the government to dig its way out of this huge hole was for it to create new taxes, Calonne attempted to do this by side stepping the parliament which only resulted in a Nobles revolt and a call for an estates general. Brienne became the new minister to replace Calonne, however although his many attempts to try to fix the national debt and end the crisis he was sabotaged by Louis XVI and disgraced. Once again France was at this fragile point in its economy and with the high national debt and the high taxes that the 3rd estate, and second estate were paying it made it the perfect environment for a
Similarly Source K exhibits the hatred Ulster Unionists felt towards Home Rule as they ‘would resort to force’ to ensure their prosperity was not compromised by a terrorists wishes to become independent. The media displayed negative views to Parnell also, Source R indicates how publications like The Times linked Parnell to Fenianism, ‘series of articles on ‘Parnelism and Crime’. Being associated with Parnell made Gladstone’s struggle for Home Rule harder, perhaps the reasons the 1886 Bill failed both houses but the 1893 Bill made it through Common’s as Parnell’s involvement in Home Rule had dramatically decreased in the years beforehand. The split in the Liberal party meant internally the party had opposition indicating that while divided amongst themselves there was no chance to defeat the conservative dominated House of Lords. Overall numerous factors contributed to the downfall of both Bills but the main reason inevitably was the immediate rejection to the Bill by the Conservatives as it opposed what they believed so neither Parnell or Gladstone could