How Far Do You Agrre That Collectivisation of Agriculture Made an Essential Contribution to Stalins Transformation of the Rusian Economy

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I mostly agree that collectivisation made an essential contribution to Stalin’s transformation of the economy. It helped to increase production and consequently came the increase in industrialisation. Despite many obvious failures of collectivisation, economically, it was mainly successful. However, I believe that other factors such as the five year plans also had a significant impact on the transformation of the economy. Collectivisation was the process by which Russian agriculture was reformed. Small farms were merged into larger ‘collective’ farms in the hope of becoming more efficient and increasing its output. Collectivisation was the process by which Russian agriculture was reformed, small farm were merged into larger units, in hope of production becoming more efficient and increasing its output. Stalin was aware of the increasing possibility of a war with Germany and so self-efficiency in food production became more imminently important in order to survive a war against the western powers. From 1927-1929 harvests fell, simultaneously affecting the wider economy. The government needed to sell grain abroad so they could receive the foreign currency necessary for resources needed for industrialisation. Collectivisation was therefore introduced to increase efficiency and introduce mechanisation. This added urgency to a need to increase output meant that high targets were set which were met with incentives and also punishments, pushing the economy towards its maximum potential making the essential contribution to the transformation of the Russian economy. By 1940, 99% of land was collectivised. Exports such as grain, increased from 0.3 million tons in 1928 to 1.69 million tons in 1933. This helped significantly with the economy as Russia was receiving more money from foreign countries that the government could then spend on new, modern technology to
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