Viet Nam War "Nixon's Plan for "Peace With Honor" In 1969, Richard Nixon became the new U.S. President and he had his own plan to end U.S. involvement in Vietnam. President Nixon outlined a plan called Vietnamization, which was a process to remove U.S. troops from Vietnam while handing back the fighting to the South Vietnamese. The withdrawal of U.S. troops began in July 1969. To bring a faster end to hostilities, President Nixon also expanded the war into other countries, such as Laos and Cambodia -- a move that created thousands of protests, especially on college campuses, back in America. To work toward peace, new peace talks began in Paris on January 25, 1969.
The war can be separated into different periods based upon the United States involvement. From 1957 to 1965, the war was mainly a struggle between the South Vietnamese army and Communist-trained South Vietnamese rebels known as the Viet Cong. Between 1945 and 1954, the Vietnamese waged an anti-colonial war against France and received 2.6 billion dollars in financial support from the United States. The battle started between the Viet Cong and the South Vietnamese government. The U.S provided military advisors and support and the first U.S troops entered Vietnam in March 1965.
At the same time they tried to create a strong non-communist South Vietnam under the leadership of Diem. By the late 1950s, the communist rebels in South Vietnam declared a revolutionary struggle against Diem, so as to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. In turn, by the 1960s the USA became more and more alarmed at this prospect, leading to further intervention in Vietnam to stop this. When Kennedy was inaugurated he inherited many crises around the globe, the most pertinent was the loss of Cuba. After the well known Bay of Pigs fiasco, he felt he was advised that he needed a foreign policy success.
“Despite their stunning success, the Vietnamese have not adjusted to America without costs and difficulties” (Freeman 18). The history of Vietnamese immigration to the United States is relative recent. After “the fall of Saigon” event in 1975, Vietnamese who worked for the U.S army during the Vietnam War fled Vietnam on U.S military cargo ships or airplanes. The second wave of Vietnamese refugees began in 1977. Communist government engaged in a revengeful policy that seized private property and chased people out of their homes, imprisoned former South Vietnamese soldiers and officials in "re-education" camps.
But United States leaders had other concerns. No sooner had World War II ended, then a "Cold War," between the forces of democracy and communism began (Schomp The Vietnam War 5). Long years of fighting had devastated the democratic nations of Western Europe, which left the communist Soviet Union as the dominant power in Europe and Asia (Schomp The Vietnam War 5). The Soviet Union had already over run most of Eastern Europe; now they seemed determined to spread communism all around the globe (Schomp The Vietnam War 5). To help counter that threat Truman started secretly sending money as well as supplies to help back the French forces against Ho Chi Minh's forces (Schomp The Vietnam War 5).
Before the Vietnam War, President Eisenhower and Kennedy committed the United States to the war against communism in Vietnam. Another primary source is the Tonkin Gulf attack on the United States ships in august 1964. This source gave the United States legitimacy to engage the north, given the ships were attacked while in international waters. The America policy towards South Vietnam is another source of the Vietnam War. President Lyndon B. Johnson noted that since 1954 the United States had helped build South Vietnam (Public Broadcasting Service).
During 1957 and 1965 they have some problems with the government and North Vietnam send their troops to fight against the government. After this the war started. The North Vietnam has the support of other communist countries for example the USSR and the South Vietnam have the support of the US, this because the US was anti-communist. The US sent equipment and troops to South Vietnam, because they were going to help them win this war against the communism. When the war started many American people was against it and want this to end son as possible.
Before we begin our review and analysis of Exactly where the Domino Fell, it's important first to take into account the developments ahead of the war, during the war, and after the war. Within the early 20th century, Vietnam, in addition to Laos and Cambodia had been under French control. In the Second World War, the Japanese took control of Vietnam until it surrendered in 1945. The same year, the Alliance for your Independence of Vietnam (a communist-controlled alliance) obtained control of North Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. In spite if the colossal military assist provided by america military for the French forces, France was eventually beaten by the Vietminh in 1954.
The Vietnam War was a civil war fought between the communist north and the capitalist south. The USA got involved in this because they feared the spread of communism because of the domino theory. Domino theory is the idea that if one country was to fall to communism then the rest of the countries in the region. “The US leaders were very worried the Vietnam would be just the start of a chain of communist take-overs...This theory was called the Domino Theory”. China had already become communist and Vietnam seemed to follow.
The Effects of the Tet Offensive on the Outcome of the Vietnam War By Jordan Alvarado Outline Thesis: The Tet Offensive of 1968 while a military victory for the United States, was the turning point during the Vietnam War ultimately resulting in the complete withdrawal of the United States military before its mission was complete. 1. Background a. The United States commits to fighting Communism in South East Asia b. 1965, the ground war begins c. The North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong plan a major offensive 2.