How and Why Has the Uk Energy Mix Changed?

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How and why has the UK energy mix changed? An energy mix is made up of the different sources of energy used by households, industry, and commerce, and in the electricity generation industry. The UK is the EU’s largest producer of oil and natural gas. However, it has now passed its peak in production and is looking to importing far more of its energy now. The UK has used the vast majority of its easily accessible energy reserves already. Most of the remaining coal is very deep underground in geologically complex formations making it expensive to mine. Furthermore, much of this coal is high in sulfer which contributes to acid rain, and the clean deposits require opencast mining which is even more damaging to the environment as they are often found closer to settlements. As a result of this, it has become cheaper for the UK to import the vast majority of their coal from South Africa and Australia as they have the right conditions to mine it. This makes them both cheaper and less environmentally damaging than Britain. In addition to this, the UK has stopped the building of many coal burning power stations with over 25 power plants being decommissioned over the last 40 years. Although Britain may be importing more coal now than they were in the 1970s, their coal consumption has decreased by around 25 mtoes. Although the UK’s coal consumption has decreased, the UK’s overall energy mix hasn’t fallen. This is mainly due to the great influx in natural gas usage in the last 40 years as a result of the 0.53 trillion m3 of natural gas the UK. There is a higher tendency to use this as it id very expensive to export gas as it needs to be cooled to a liquid. As a result it far more reliable to utilise it in the country. Moreover, there is less pollution from gas compared to using coal and oil. This allows the UK to be able to consume more without going over their limited C02
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