Heroin Addiction and Treatment Modalities

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Heroin Addiction Treatment Options 1 Can Heroin Addiction be treated? Alternative Treatment Modalities for Heroin Dependence. Maritza Padilla Psychology – 230-1241 Professor B. Harrington November 3, 2012 Heroin Addiction Treatment Options 2 Heroin is a powerful narcotic derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy. Heroin impacts the brain and acts as a painkiller. It affects the brain's pleasure systems and interferes with the brain's ability to perceive pain by depressing nerve transmission in the sensory pathways of the spinal cord and brain that signal pain. This explains why heroin is such an effective pain killer and why it has increasing physical addiction and ongoing emotional dependence. Heroin also inhibits brain centers controlling coughing, and breathing which makes it very dangerous. Heroin is exceedingly addictive, quickly producing tolerance and dependence. Although heroin is even more effective as a painkiller than morphine and codeine, it is so highly addictive that its use is illegal. Heroin can be used in a variety of ways, depending on the preference of the user and the purity of the drug. Heroin can be injected into a vein or a muscle, smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled and smoked through a straw, known as "chasing the dragon," or snorted as powder. The most feared drug by many, yet for others its powerful "high" offers the most dramatic way of escaping the realities of everyday life. It is the drug that immediately comes to mind when people talk about substance dependence. Heroin addicts will probably withdraw from their friends and family. They are most likely to participate in criminal activities to pay for their expensive habit and will most like become involved with the criminal justice system as a result of the illegal activity in

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