Nursing informatics is an essential field in the nursing industry that deals with improvement of the processes of handling and managing health data and information with a view to increasing efficiency and objectivity in nursing care. Nursing informatics is a dynamic field and it comprises such disciplines such as computer science, information technology and nursing science. The specific aims of nursing informatics are to streamline skills in nursing practice and to minimize costs in nursing activities. Goossen’s nursing informatics framework model is a key focus as it has been in use for a long time and its high compatibility, efficacy and applicability have been evident. The framework consists of six elements namely: data; information; knowledge; decision; action; and evaluation. This paper comprises a deeper analysis of these elements.
NURSING INFORMATICS THEORY
Introduction and Background Information
Nursing informatics is a field in the nursing industry that deals with the processes of managing data and information. The main objectives of nursing informatics are to promote efficiency in how nursing practice is undertaken, minimize health costs and to ensure care of patients is of the best quality there can be (Murphy, 2010). Nursing informatics is a dynamic field and it comprises such disciplines such as computer science, information technology and nursing science (Baker, 2012). Computer science is of importance because of the need to handle data electronically by way of computers (Saba & McCormick, 1995). Information technology embraces keeping in touch with the change in the technology of handling data and information in a typical modern health facility – it is common knowledge that, for example, handling of health information has gone electronic and only a few regions of the world that use the manual way of handling data and