Gender Identity PSY/265 April 7, 2013 Tana Leigh Warren Gender identity stems from a variety of factors. Biological, physiological, and social interactions, consume a large role in who we are and how we fit into the world around us. These same factors also determine who we are attracted to sexually and how we define ourselves as men and women, masculine or feminine. Later in life, sociological factors may influence how we choose to express our gender identitiy. For most individuals gender identity is defined as their self-conception as being either a male or female, distinguished by their actual biological sex.
Oakley (1972, cited in Howson, 2013) refers to gender as the ‘psychological, social and representational differences between men and women, which are socially determined and culturally variable’. Combined with Fulcher & Scott’s definition of gender, it can be assumed that males are characteristically expected to feel, think and behave in a masculine manner, whilst females are expected to do the same in a feminine manner. (Fulcher & Scott, 2011, 151). In contrast to
In other parts of the world sexism is more prominent because males have dominant roles over women and therefore look down upon them. Not only is there sexism, but there is ambivalent sexism which is defined as sexism directed against women based on both positive and negative attitudes (hostility and benevolence) rather than uniform dislike. To better understand ambivalent sexism I took a test that would rate my hostile and ambivalent sexism. The Ambivalent sexism inventory measure how sexist you are towards men and women. My scores from this test were quite surprising to me.
Discuss the issue of gender bias in psychology Gender bias is looking at one particular gender and considering it as the normal gender. There is a large problem with psychology being seen as gender bias in favour of men, often devaluing women or simply ignoring them in their studies. An example of this is Asch, who only looked at male students, meaning that his findings can’t be generalised to women. Aristotle viewed women as a deformity in terms of both physiology and biology. Kitzinger (1988) believes that questioning whether women can do certain activities such as going to university or having certain positions in government are often used for political reasons to save men’s jobs or protect them from losing face to an inferior woman.
How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity? Gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity in many ways. Gender and sex concepts and constructions of masculinity and feminity of being able to tell the difference between the two. They show them as being completely different like males being the protector and the ladies as being caring and emotional Do our concepts of gender and sex contribute to the ways we embrace gender and sex in diversity? I feel that our concepts of gender and sex contribute to the ways we embrace gender and sex in diversity.
Therefore men may be embarrassed or fear that they may not be taken seriously. Kirkwood (1993) argued that domestic violence causes psychological damage which includes low self-esteem, depression, anxiety and stress. Domestic violence against women by men is caused by the misuse of power and control within a male privilege. Male privilege tends to focus on an individual (mainly the wife) and maintains to keep the dominance of the female and the power of their children. Perpetrators of domestic violence choose to behave abusively to get what they want and gain control.
Gender is put into “masculine” and “feminine” categories while sex is put into “male” and “female”categories. How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity? Gender and sex have so much to do with masculinity and femininity. Like I said above [Gender is put into “masculine” and “feminine” categories while sex is put into “male” and “female”categories.] Males are considered masculine because they are “rough and tough” and females are considered feminine because of history and women having to act like a “proper lady”.
Once a child's gender is evident, others treat those in one gender differently from those in the other, and the children respond to the different treatment by feeling different and behaving differently. Pg. 122 The process of gendering and its outcome are legitimated by religion, law, science and the society’s entire set of values. Pg. 122 As a process, gender creates the social differences that define “woman” and “man.” In social interaction throughout their lives, individuals learn what is expected, see what is expected, act and react in expected ways, and thus simultaneously construct and maintain the gender order pg.
Also could be develops from the clothing and hairstyle, cultural influences. Sex is refers to the physical characteristic, and it refers also to the intimate relationship, or sexual activity. I believe that Gender and sex are different things, because the gender is refers to the sense, and sex is refers to the physical characteristics. 2 Gender and Sex Worksheet How do gender and sex contribute to the concepts and constructions of masculinity and femininity? Sex refers to the physical characteristics, as I mentioned, the biological, that characteristic that make us male or female, this could be the genitals and body shape.
Gender is a psychological term that refers to the awareness and reaction to the biological term of sex. It also is a term that can construe more than one meaning. Gender role is when someone adopts the masculine or feminine behavioral traits that are associated with each sex. Gender identity refers to a person’s personal sense of whether they are male or female, and sexual orientation or preference is whom a person is physically and sexually attracted to. Gender identity is an interesting process and question.