The death rate has fallen since 1900, which could be due to improvements in healthcare or the improved nutrition which has accounted for the reduction in death rates. However there are consequences for the decreasing death rate and one major consequence of this is the ageing population. The UK date rate refers to the overall number of deaths per year. In 2010, the death rates decreased to 493,242 which is a reduction of the death rate from 600,000 deaths per year in the early 1900s. There have been several reasons for the decline in death rate, and one of the reasons include the improved nutrition that the UK has achieved during the 1900s.
Another reason due to the high birth rate in countries such as Ethiopia is the lack of use of contraceptives. Stage 3 changes less than stage 2 does from stage 1, as the population continues to increase rapidly, but the death rate continues to fall, but finally the birth rate begins to decline alongside it. Stage 3 can be seen in countries such as India, and the USA (surprisingly) as families start to realise that having more children is more of a burden than a form of support, and they don’t need to have as many children as very few are dying in childbirth. The continuing decline in the death rate is due
This means children are now expensive to have and people do not have the money to have as many children as they used too. Medical advances have been a consequence to the changes in population. Due to improvements in midwifery and immunisation, the infant mortality rate has decreased significantly. This now means partners do not need to have as many children as it is more certain their child will live through their childhood. This was not the case at the beginning of the 20th century.
Thomas McKeown (1972) also points out that improved nutrition is also part of what has led to a decreasing death rate, he believes it is accountable for up to half the reduction in death rates. He argues that improved nutrition is particularly important in reducing the number of deaths from tuberculosis (TB). Better nutrition increased resistance to infection and increased the survival chances of those who did become infected. This meant less people died form these diseases, reducing the death rate and then, forcing population to grow.
For example, there were no longer any engineers left who knew how to build or maintain aqueducts. This meant that when these structures broke they couldn’t be fixed, and so over time there was less provision for clean water. The local population used the stone from the bath houses and other structures to build their own homes as there was less emphasis on public health. The new rulers of Britain did not think it was as important as the Romans had. By 1350 there were some quite serious public health problems in towns, where the lack of fresh water and drainage was a problem which caused the water to be contaminated by other sources and was not healthy to drink.
This means the government does not see the need to have as many fire men/women and therefore made many redundant and closed down fire stations in order to save money. This has caused an upset, both with fire men and women local residents as they believe the service times may increase as there is not as many available in comparison to before the redundancies. The same can be said about the police force, there has been a vast decrease between the amount of people the police force take on and train and allow to become a member of the police force as they simply cannot take on the amount that may be needed due to government cutbacks and financial policies. However, a positive affect that can be said about financial policies that result on cutbacks for public services could be that as money is saved for example in reducing the amount of fire stations and fire men/women, the money could be invested in an alternative public service such as the paramedic service or the NHS in order to
Causes of Ageing Population Ageing population becomes increasingly serious in the world because of the demographic transition. The first reason is the decrease in death rate. It is caused by the increased awareness of public hygiene and the improvement of medical equipments and treatments like the use of vaccination and medicine. People’s diseases can be cured better so that there is a diminution in death from contagious diseases. Besides, a better way of life also leads to decline in mortality.
This diversification added to the bottom line in the short run but it destroyed shareholders value eventually. There was no particular synergy between the core business and the healthcare M&As. Apparently Avon’s management lacked the expertise and skills to evaluate and run health business appropriately and in a combination with the negative for Avon change in Medicare the health division was no longer seen as a growing and profitable business. Financial outcome of this policy was a modest 1% CAGR in total revenue in the period 1980-1987; EBT margin in 1987 was 6% lower than in it was in 1979 and earnings per share were down by ~50%. The restructuring plan makes sense because Avon’s management demonstrates that it accepts the mistake of its healthcare diversification strategy, and now it concentrates back on the core business initiating a transformation from the direct sales model towards beauty business.
If the LEDC had the high enough levels of development it could educate it population and these profit providing process could be taxed and boost the economy of the LDC to allow such infrastructure to grow. With low levels of infrastructure health care is not as available as in MEDC nations. This causes LDC nations to have lower life expectancies and be less productive due to being ill. In Sierra Leone high levels of AIDS/ HIV, approximately 49,000, and outbreaks such as the deadly Ebola Virus means little taxes can be taken as unemployment is high. As a consequence many LDC nations rely on foreign health and economic aid putting them in a situation of unrepayable debt, so even less money can be spent on infrastructure and supporting the economy.
These resources are used to portray the chronological changes in the Chinese society and how these fluctuations have impacted the suicide rates. The decade of the 1990s began with some of the highest suicide rates around the world, however, the major economic and political shifts consequently reduced the suicide rates by the year 2000. The society started getting used to the novel financial and societal model and finally began reaping the benefits. The decade of the 2000s presented some vital alterations in the model of the Chinese suicide. For example, both urban and rural suicide rates decreased, male suicide rates became higher than those of the females, and elderly suicide significantly increased.