The whole point of America becoming its own sovereign country was Britain’s overbearing control on the colonies. Many early Americans had concerns and feared a government in which, by design, could become too strong. Consequentially, the Democratic – Republican party (later known to historians simply as the Republican Party) was formed with ideas of smaller government and thusly, less control. A semblance of the rivalry between the parties in the United States could be seen in the French Revolution. The Republicans supported the popular forces in the French Revolt and wanted America to assist.
Supporters believed that under the Articles of Confederation the government did not hold enough power. The leading figure in this party was Alexander Hamilton who had served as Secretary of Treasury for George Washington’s first term as president. Hamilton proposed the state debts that had come from the revolutionary war, which had created a national debt for the U.S. Hamilton answered this with the idea of the first bank of the United States. The main goal of the idea Hamilton had proposed, of state debts was to avoid unnecessary and possible destructive competition between state and federal governments. Which also allowed the federal government the opportunity for revenue.
As the Secretary of Treasury, Hamilton proposed his plan to revive the economy of the United States: assuming state debts and pay all of them, including interest and establishing several methods to get money to pay those debts, including the tariff law and excise tax. To better enforce these laws and to strenghthen the national economy, Hamilton proposed a bank of the United States. The bill for the bank was passed by Congress but Washington, before signing it, was not sure if it was constitutional. He called for the opinions of both Jefferson and Hamilton on the question. Hamilton strongly supported the erection of bank while Jefferson, on the other hand, argued strongly against it.
In the late eighteenth century, when America firmly established the Constitution of 1792, their government was just fundamentally the beginning among the other nations of the world. There were dilemmas that the government had to counter with especially the new foreign policy issues. While some pursued what the first president left as guidelines, and others disregarded the warning, both affected the evolution of American foreign policy in the late eighteenth century through the initiation of the nineteenth century. As the first president in the America, George Washington left after his second term of presidency and left a guideline, which may be appeared as a warning to others, to the nation before retiring back to Mount Vernon. He emphasized heavily on the importance of unity between the states, the significance of the Constitution, the Checks and Balances System, and amendments.
The Federalist Papers written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were influential in spurring the American people on to the idea of a stronger central government. The major Anti-Federalists were Patrick Henry and Sam Adams, who vehemently opposed a new Constitution being ratified until the Bill of Rights was introduced. All in all the Anti-Federalist argument was weakly put together and failed to convince the public to stick with a revised version of the Articles of Confederation. All of these various factors contributed to the new Constitution because of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation the strengths of the new Constitution and the Federalists versus Anti-Federalists debate. Though we no longer go by the Articles of Confederation in today’s government this essay shows the many ways it was a major building block in today’s
Although British had the victorious win, fighting this war was very expensive. The British wished to cover the cost of the war. The British believed that as they had made America secure and safe, the Americans should bear some of the costs of achieving this security. As a result of this, they enforced Navigation Act and the costs associated with the two new taxes led to protests. A newly-formed Stamp Act Congress formed by delegates from nine colonies objected the British ideas based on the principle of “no taxation without representation.” This was the
Banks It is well known that Hamilton and Jefferson disagreed strongly about the national bank. Hamilton was the architect of the First Bank of the United States, believing it essential to the financing of the federal government and to the establishment of a robust domestic banking system. As such, Hamilton is considered a pioneer of central banking and a forebearer of the modern Federal Reserve. Jefferson believed the bank would put too much power over the government in the hands of the bank's owners. But the issue went deeper than that.
Jefferson knew that American farmers needed more land, and he had to go against his belief of a strict constitution. However during the same time the Federalists became strict constructionists of the constitution. They argued that this transfer of land was unconstitutional. The Federalists said that this new land was worthless and would only put the country even more in debt. Their main reason for that was that the creation of new states would decrease their power in congress.
11 October 2011 Jefferson and Madison In the early 1800's Jefferson and Madison made great accomplishments during their presidencies. After the country began to develop into a successful democratic nation political parties began to form. There were the Jeffersonian Republicans led by president Thomas Jefferson and the Federalists led by James Madison, who later stopped being a federalist after the ratification of the constitution. Jefferson and Madison didn't value the same ideas of how the government should be ran. Jefferson and the Jeffersonian Republicans believed that the authority of the federal government was based on a strict constitution.
One is to score him firmly as America’s chief executive. The other is typical view of the president only as a politician. From the Machiavellian perspective, Bush’s primary goal was to increase his power, rather than to confront America’s problems – to maintain the appearance of leadership while exhorting his position. Since taking office George W has been confronted with many new tests, including an unsure economy and global climate change. On the other hand, George W was very scrupulous as a politician.