Radical feminists such as Dobash and Dobash also disagree with Willmott and Young’s theory that the family is symmetrical. They believe there are inequalities in the power relations between men and women so they see family
Where Marie de France comes from, many people disagree with women having power through literature. They disagree with women having much power at all. Because of this, Marie de France feels the urge to protect herself from those people. She argues that credit and respect should be bestowed upon anyone who earns it, regardless of their gender. Before her story even begins, Marie de France contests the idea of female inferiority.
An example of that, would be critic Diane K. Lewis’s thought, on how black women may be more like white men in terms of familial and economic roles, like black men in terms of their relationships with whites, and like women in terms of their relationships with men. 4. To properly understand gender studies, we must realize that one purpose of gender criticism is to criticize gender as we commonly conceive of it, to expose its insufficiency and inadequacy.
In both Antigone and Merchant of Venice, women are minimized and are not taken into account by higher classes. Portia, in Shakespeare’s work, has more ability to solve problems rather Antigone and Ismene in Antigone. This is because Creon, king of Thebes, desires “weak women” who are “not framed to contend with men”. Creon views women in a much lower level where they are not able to do anything. He believes their opinions are immoral and that they don’t have the ability to rule a city.
There are many theories to explain the existence of gender division in employment. Underpinning explanation of gender segregation in the labor market are issues concerning male power and gender assumptions of the division of labor (Bagilhole, 1994; Crompton, 1999). Gender segregation in employment is of concern for two measures quite aside from the facts of quality of opportunity: segregation into different areas of work remains a key issue that contributes to the gender in earnings (Forth, 2002). Later, the studies focus on the issue of masculinity which has been a re-occurrent topic in most debates. Masculinity is a subjective term, and in most cases it is influenced by one's perception and culture (Cullins, V.2012).
The Issue of Gender Bias in Nursing NUSC 4P60 Marlee Heywood 4918116 Andrea Bodnar October 29th, 2014 Introduction In the healthcare field, nursing is predominately viewed as a female-concentrated occupation. The viewpoint of McLaughlin, Muldoon, and Moutray (2009) states that despite the historical fact that men are considered “pioneers” of the nursing profession, if they choose to pursue this occupation they can expect to be considered an “anomaly” to their gender orientation. The notion that nursing is not an appropriate career from men stems from the socialized view that caring is a uniquely feminine trait essential for nursing practice (McLaughlin et al, 2009). In society, women are viewed as caring, nurturing, and kind. Men, on the other hand, are viewed as strong, aggressive, and dominant.
Each approach derives from the fact that feminist social theorists were considered to be mainly concerned with gender equality and preoccupied with ensuring that women’s interests were not marginalised .Feminist theorists have continued to concentrate on the position of women in society and their research is generally based on the notion that women are regarded as under the control and authority of men. Current feminist such as Martineau and Wollstonecraft theorists have widened the scope of their work while still acknowledging these concepts as critical to their core. Historically, feminist theorists have challenged the masculine bias in supposedly objective knowledge, claiming that women were excluded within the social sciences with the result that the focus was on topics and institutions of concern more to men than to women and neglecting issues and concerns relevant to women(Hughes 2013).Both Martineau and Wollstonecraft felt that it was only by embracing the diversity of women’s experiences that knowledge would stop being what they described as ‘partial’. They argued also that social scientific knowledge about women must begin from the context of the gendered experience of the women being studied. Such an approach would encourage research into issues such as the traditional family and the possible
Sex, Gender and Gender roles redefined In her book The Second Sex, Simone De Beauvoir states, “One is not born, but, rather becomes a woman”. This statement highlights the difference between sex and gender. While sex is a biological term, gender is a social and cultural construct. An individual is born into the categories of male or female but it is the very task of ‘accomplishing gender’ that determines the social identity of the person. Women are under a constant pressure to adhere to roles that are specific to their gender and so are men.
While sex refers to the biological differences between male and female, gender refers to the socially constructed and variable categories of masculine and feminine. Men are the world leaders, policemen, and private security and military, women are the housekeepers and child caregivers. They are lower paid and work as repairers of the consequences of violence as nurses, psychologists and social workers. The United Nations regard gender equality as a human right. They point out that: empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty.
Social inequality and social stratification, according to this view, lead to a meritocracy based on ability. Conflict theorists, on the other hand, view inequality as resulting from groups with power dominating less powerful groups. They believe that social inequality prevents and hinders societal progress as those in power repress the powerless people in order to maintain the status quo. Positions are important so long as those in power consider them to be significant. Gender is seen closely related to the roles and behavior assigned to women and men based on their sexual differences.