As you know the Legislative Branch is broken up into two parts or houses of the federal government of the United States of America consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. This is known as the bicameral legislative. Each houses of Congress has its’ differences and there are something they must do together as well. Both Senators and the representatives are chosen through direct election. According to the Constitution Article 1, the powers were bestowed upon congress.
City/County government, State government, and federal government. Most attention is drawn towards the federal government. Three branches of government were thought out by four people, Locke, Spinoza, Blackstone, and Montesquiueu. A legislative branch, also known as Congress, an Executive branch, which in basic form is the President, a Judicial branch, also known as Supreme Court, are the branches of the federal government, and between the levels of government, nation and state. The three branches of U.S. government are all supported by the U.S. Constitution.
Separation of powers prevents tyranny. According to the Constitution of the United States of America, the government was divided into three articles. Article 1 is the legislative part of the government, otherwise known as Congress. Article 2 is the executive part or the president. Article 3 is the judicial part or Supreme Court.
In this paper we will attempt to compare and contrast the differences and similarities of federal and state government as it pertains to their role in the implementation of criminal justice policy. We will try to address several aspects of policy for the development and implementation of those laws. The United States Constitution governs our nation. The Constitution provides the federal government the authority it needs to handle the nations international affairs as they deal with foreign policy, this enables the federal government to create and establish the national defense needs of the nation, and it also allows them the power to handle and deal with the issues which are currency related inside the nation. The federal government is superior to state government, and, because of this federal law will override state law.
That these powers are permitted to the congress as elastic clause. The example is that the Constitution is relatively simple and straight forward document that is set to the branches of government which these powers fall into the category in the Bill of Rights 10th Amendment. According to the Constitution that the level of government that takes precedence in the conflict will be the Supreme Law of Land and the national which in this case is the Federal Government which are under the constitutional principles. It means whenever there is a conflict between state and federal laws it takes precedence which is known as the Supremacy Clause. The McCulloch vs. Maryland is an example of a proper clause in the United States Constitution.
However, both principles function under one principle which is checks and balances. The second part of the U.S. Constitution focuses on individual rights and liberties. However, we will only be discussing the first part of the Constitution in this essay. The framers of the U.S. Constitution wanted to prevent the concentration of power into the hands of one individual, or even one group of individuals, within the national government. In order to accomplish their goal they decided it was necessary to divide the governmental functions into three: legislative, judicial, and executive.
The Constitution is composed of a preamble, seven articles and twenty seven amendments. The preamble specifies the Constitutions broad objectives e.g. justice, liberty, tranquility, and common defense. The articles outline the structure, power and procedure of the federal government. Overtime the Constitution has been amended and thus the amendments have been established to further protect citizens from unlawful or repressive acts of government (Bill of Rights are included in the first ten amendments and were established in 1791).
The 1st Amendment The 1st amendment is the freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and petition. In the “Politics In America,” it says that the “First Amendment prohibits the government from abridging freedoms of speech, press, assembly, and petition” (93). That’s basically saying that the government can’t reduce or lessen those freedoms. The book also states that the “First Amendment prohibits the government from establishing a religion or interfering with the free exercise of religion” (93). The Bill of Rights are “Written guarantees of basic individual liberties; the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution” (92).
U. S. History: The Three Branches of Government HIS/301 01-23-2012 In 1787, The United States Founding Fathers arranged the Constitutional Convention to address the obvious issues that the Articles of the Confederation failed to manage. During the convention, the delegates discussed the importance of establishing a new form of government that would include a division of powers within, but would remain equal. Under the notion of forming a new government, some of the delegates proposed a system of government called “Federalism” which would involve three branches of separate power within. The three branches would include the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branch. Federalism, combined with the three governing branches, allowed for the states and central government to balance equal but separate power.
This article establishes the office of President and Vice-President and as well as states the power and duties of the President. A duty of the president is to make suggestion to congress (Article 2, Section 1-3). Lastly, the third article in the Constitution