Checks And Balances And Separation Of Power

704 Words3 Pages
The Constitution, or the supreme law of the land, is relatively a simple document that not only entails the highest laws of the United States, but also provides the framework for the United States government. This document was written over 200 years ago by a group of men in Philadelphia. Obviously, since then there have been additions made, which are called amendments. In fact, the first ten amendments made, which are a list of rights that belong to the people that the government cannot break, are called the Bill of Rights. The United States Constitution has four main principals: separation of powers, division of powers, checks and balances, and individual rights and liberties. The Constitution’s text is divided into two parts. The first part is about the allocation of powers within the government. This entails two basic principles of the American Constitution: separation of powers and division of powers. However, both principles function under one principle which is checks and balances. The second part of the U.S. Constitution focuses on individual rights and liberties. However, we will only be discussing the first part of the Constitution in this essay. The framers of the U.S. Constitution wanted to prevent the concentration of power into the hands of one individual, or even one group of individuals, within the national government. In order to accomplish their goal they decided it was necessary to divide the governmental functions into three: legislative, judicial, and executive. They believed these three functions should be handled by three separate institutions in order to avoid tyranny. They believed the separation of powers would protect the people from being completely controlled by the government. It would also eliminate the same person from being able to judge the fairness of their own ideas. This way one group would come up with an idea and
Open Document