Explain the Functionalist Theory and Thier Major Tenets and Concepts

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FUNTIONALIST THEORY AND THER MAJOR TENENTS The functionalist perspective, also called functionalism, is one of the major theoretical perspective in sociology. It has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim, who was especially interested in how social order is possible or how society remains relatively stable .A perspective is a point of view. Major tenants are people who contributed in the theory example Herbert Spencer Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton. A concept is a fundamental category of existence. In contemporary philosophy there are least three prevailing ways to understand the concepts. Functionalism interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each part of society is functional for the stability of the whole society. The different parts are primarily the institution of the society, each of which is organized to feel different needs and each of which has particular consequences for the form and shape of society. The parts all depends on each other. For example the government or state provides education for the children of the family, which in turn pays taxes on which the state depends on to keep itself running. The family is dependent upon the school to help children acquire skills and knowledge to have good jobs, so that they can raise and support their own families. In the process, the children become law abiding paying tax citizens who in turn support the state. Herbert Spencer was born on April 27 1820 and he was best known for developing and applying evolutionary theory to philosophy, psychology and the study of the society. He also helped in developing the functionalist perspective, one of the major theoretical frameworks in sociology and his political thoughts, primarily his defense of natural rights and for criticisms of utilitarian
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