Soc 101: Unit 1 Activity Response Area

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1.The three sociological paradigms often overlap with each other. Choose two sociologists discussed in this chapter. Discuss how his/her ideas connect to all three sociological paradigms. From my understand of the reading, a paradigm is a basic image of society that guides thinking and research, it’s a viewpoint and perspective. The three sociological paradigms are one Functionalism which is a society viewed as a complex system whose parts work together to promote stability, order and common beliefs. The second is Conflict, a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict, change and a continuous power struggle. The third is Symbolic Interactions which is the way we communicate and symbolic meaning, harmony and cooperation. I also understand that a paradigm cannot be tested and that a theory can, which leads me to the two sociologists I chose that have a connection to all three paradigms I listed. The first is, Max Weber who was a German Conflict theorist who in part responsible for the development of the Symbolic Interactionist paradigm because he argued that meaning requires understanding. He is also recognized for the importance of economic conditions in producing inequality and conflict in society. Weber felt that sociologists should not let their own personal biases affect the research process. He stressed that researchers should stay neutral and objective, or “value-free.” He added power and prestige to inequality which I think also falls under Functionalism with power being evenly distributed among his own society. My second choice is Emile Durkheim, he was a French order theorist who argued that society is characterized by stability and strong integration based on mutual benefit. Durkheim argued that society is held together by certain legitimating mechanisms that serve to help us internalize the
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