Duty is something that one is expected or required to do by moral obligation. Kant’s theory of ethics is formed in his book critique of practical reason and his approach is deontological. This means the right or wrongness of the action is the action itself and not its consequences. We should do the right thing because it’s right not because it fulfils our desires or is based on our feelings and from this belief stems his ideas of good will, categorical imperatives and more importantly duty. The idea of good will for Kant is the starting point for morality.
Meta ethics is the study of ethical language; however it differs from normative ethics. Normative ethics determines what is “good” and “bad”, whereas Meta ethics determines the meanings of the terms “good” and “bad”. There are two ethical approaches to Meta ethics, one being Cognitivism. Cognitivism is the view that ethical language can be known and understood objectively, through empirical experience or intuition. The second approach is Non-Cognitivism, this is the view that ethical language cannot be known and understood, due to subjectivity.
This is the main difference between utilitarianism and deontology. The meaning of the word ‘deontology’ is ‘the study of duty’. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account. On the other hand, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account.
2. The main conflict between Utilitarian and Kantian moral reasoning relates to the question of what makes a right action right. Utilitarians believe that “the ends do justify the means,” therefore, the act is good if it
ETHICAL EGOISM ¿Should we believe that ethical egoism is the right theory to follow? Before answering this question we must define what ethical egoism is. This theory establishes the fact that each person ought to pursue his or her own self-interest. It is the famous “morality of selfishness.” But how do we know this is the concept we must apply when deciding between helping others and looking only for us. First of all, we must make a differentiation between Ethical egoism and Physiological Egoism.
The moral argument poses the question: "Where does our conscience, our sense of morality come from, if not from God?" It also asserts that if we accept the existence of objective moral laws we must accept the existence of who ever gives the laws. This is the observable fact that human beings sometimes appear to act from a sense of moral duty in which there is no self-interest or thought for the consequences of that act. (In an attempt to achieve Sumon Bonum)- The greatest of all rewards. Kant drew an important distinction between hypothetical and categorical imperatives.
While these theories hold much in common regarding how they see morality, they differ greatly in their reasoning for why they think that way. Aristotelian virtue ethics focus more on the person as a moral creature at heart and their desire for morality to be the driving force behind moral behavior. An excellent example of the difference in the three theories in this instance would be a situation involving lying. Dishonesty is considered morally wrong by most theories of ethics, but all of the moral theories approach it differently. Deontology, as espoused by Immanuel Kant, would argue against the morality of lying from a moral absolutism standpoint.
overall utility). The fundamental difference of the two theories becomes manifest in their basic assumptions. While utilitarianism considers only empirical observations of human behavior as valid and deducts moral doctrine from empirical reality, deontology develops moral rules not
Shelby Hunt Instructor Brewer Engl 1301 October 8, 2014 Unfair School Funding As I was filling out my schedule for the next school year, I realized I needed another elective to get me to the right amount of credits I need to graduate. I knew exactly what elective I wanted, Cosmetology. It was a two year program that would benefit me in the long run after school. I skimmed through the list of different options, but only to see it was not there. I asked my consoler if there was a misprint or if they had gotten rid of the program altogether.
High School Should Not Be Year Round Currently high school students have shorter length of school. Students who are currently High school get the whole summer off for almost two months. For some high school students who would like the summer off would agree, and for some students would disagree. However, some students need the whole summer off to refresh their mind before the next school year starts, and therefore, high school should not be changed to a year round school. To begin with, a lot of student’s are lazy to get up and throw their trash away.