Utilitarian and Deontologist Approach to Sandy Hook Incident

743 Words3 Pages
Utilitarianism and Deontology are two terms associated with morality. Even though both are chief modern ethical theories and these theories are intended to give us an insight into the right thing to do, but they often conflict with each other. Utilitarianism believes in the concept of the ‘end justifies the means’ (John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham).It is interesting to note that according to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action. Hence, the followers of utilitarianism school of morality give more value to the outcome of an action. Health care follows the utilitarianism principles to a great extent. On the other hand, deontology is exactly the opposite of utilitarianism when it comes to the explanations of its concepts. Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’. On the other hand, it says ‘the end does not justify the means’. This is the main difference between utilitarianism and deontology. The meaning of the word ‘deontology’ is ‘the study of duty’. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account. On the other hand, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. These are the important differences between Utilitarianism and Deontology. Utilitarianism: “Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility, specifically defined as maximizing happiness and reducing suffering” - Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill key concepts: * End justifies the means OR Pleasure v/s Pain. * Focused on consequences or result of an action. The right thing to do is based on
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