These and many other problems have led to the country’s poor economic growth performance, paralyzed manufacturing sector, high rates of inflation, massive displacement of the population, and high unemployment rate, which have culminated into extreme poverty and food insecurity and hunger amongst the population. Overall, the economy has not performed well, since the inception of the civil war. A combination of bad governance, limited social integration between the then ruling elite since independence and the rest of the society, coupled with inequality in the distribution of the wealth of the nation provoked the military coup in 1980, which was followed by the civil war in 1989. These events impacted the lives of the people negatively and contributed to the worsening poverty rate and food insecurity in the country. Poverty and food insecurity as we know are multi-dimensional phenomena, which have political, social, economic and cultural implications.
In addition, the war caused severe damage to economy since their were less men to work for in the fields and more Raw material was needed for the War. Great War is said to be the worst war for the soldiers because although their were more fatalities in World War two but the conditions that the soldiers had to face in Great War were beyond belief. Since great weapons like the machine gun and the long range cannonballs were invented, the casualties were tremendous in numbers in both Africa and Ottoman empire. Also, trench warfare was really used and due to the horrific conditions the
This was a harsh world to live in, similar to the conditions in Africa that nowadays lead to charity appeals. Social structures varied across Europe, but in general this was not a democratic era, and the divide between the wealthy few and the poor majority was immense. There were numerous peasant revolts, but in general the wealthy stayed in power because they were the militarised elite. Under the Roman Empire, Western Europe had been dominated by cities, but they fell into ruin after 475. Urbanisation does not really restart until the beginning of the Second Millennium.
The poor economy of the country is one reason why Somalia is a failed state. Besides its poor economy, the major cause of Somalia failure as a state is because of the political instability that took off when the country was initially colonized and ruled over by foreign countries. After the country was conquered and eventually gained independence, issues remain to bother the country’s state. Coalitions among warlords led the central government of the country to be crumbled, which is well supported by clan rivalries which existed many years ago. More so, other factors such as inconsistent reforms and promulgation of new laws cause Somalia to be a failed
Possibly the greatest vulnerability was 'the weakness within' - the constitution gave the President, the states and the military too much control, whilst proportional voting meant that the Reichstag was separated and weak. There was no single party in complete control and parties had to join together to form a government. However, each party had different goals which caused in-fighting and instability making it difficult for the Reichstag, with its many changes in power, to govern effectively. This was reflected in 376 political assassinations up to 1923. From the start there was economic instability because of the cost of World War One and there was widespread disillusion within the German people.
The 1600’s was a period of great hardship for the whole of England. The countries general prices combined with a level degree of wage meant that people became much worse off. Moreover, the idea that in the period of between 1642-1649, Britain was undergoing massive change due to the Civil War. These both attributed to people becoming poorer….or was it just the simple idea that none of this would have affected them so harshly, if they hadn’t of been so lazy? In my opinion they were not affected mainly by laziness, but by the general economic slump at the time.
In the early nineteenth century only men with above a certain amount of wealth or land were able to vote, and people, especially the working class concluded that this wasn’t fair and started to in a sense, rise up, and join the charter movement which is tracked back to eighteenth-century radicals. Let’s look at more specific economic reasons that led to the charter being formed. Firstly, industrial and agricultural workers were still facing harsh conditions in their workplaces, mainly low wages, periods of low unemployment and high prices. This led to a country felt resentment of the widening gap between the rich and the poor, and the sense of not being able to change anything through mainstream parliamentary politics, which was of course at this time dominated by upper classes. This leads on to another cause that led to the Chartism movement, the disappointment of the 1832 Reform Act.
(Sherman & Salisbury, 149) Lack of knowledge on children's and woman's healthcare resulted in a low birthrate. " These factors combined with other cultural issues- the desire to restrict children to keep from reducing inheritance, for example- help explain why Rome had so much trouble maintaining its population." (Sherman & Salisbury, 150) Heavy taxes necessary to support the government and a slave dependant society were major economic reasons that brought doom for Rome. " Perhaps not suprisingly, Romans often feared their slaves. The Stoic philosopher Seneca (48 BCE-65 CE) wrote that " The last of your slaves holds over you the power of life or death."
During the Vichy Regime much of the working class, middle class, and the elitist class all suffered the harshness of a country stricken by famine, poverty, and the German occupation itself. Some of the major causes for such social strife before and during the war was the economic depression experienced during the 1930’s, authoritarian rule putting down any attempt by workers to unite for the betterment of themselves, and the fact that war itself was reducing the population drastically The classes had never been able to unite in any form of unity to better oneself position in the troubled times. The war was, however teaching them a valuable less in what they wanted things in the future to look like as far as a well structured government with the people’s interests in mind. With the
For instance in Kenya due to poor politics(tribal politics) the post election violence emerged in 2008 and this not only led to massive murders and displacement of people from their homes, it affected our economy and mostly the farmers who had been displaced. Then, due to the coalition government, the rate of inflation increased and this means that we can no longer afford to live the same lifestyle with the same salary, the farmers can no longer afford to the necessary inputs required for planting or weeding. d) Even though its fading out, barter trade still exists in Africa. There are parts where people do not recognize money as a standard mode of exchange. For instance in some of the remote parts of Kenya someone would prefer that after weeding a piece of land for you, you pay them using some amount of maize and beans rather than giving them money.