Essay On 19th Century American Imperialism

487 Words2 Pages
Between 1875 and 1914, a period referred to as Britain's "imperial century" by some historians,around 10,000,000 square miles of territory and roughly 400 million people were added to the British Empire. Britain's entry into the new imperial age is often dated when the government of Benjamin Disraeli bought the indebted Egyptian ruler Ismail's shareholding in the Suez Canal to secure control of this strategic waterway, since its opening six years earlier as a channel for shipping between Britain and India. Joint Anglo-French financial control over Egypt ended in outright British occupation in 1882. Victory over Napoleon left Britain without any serious international rival, other than Russia in central Asia A reason for this imperialism was military powers. Military organizations in England wielded great political power, and they emphasized the need, which their respective governments, of controlling strategic areas and establishing key bases. During the 19th century, Britain and Russia vied to fill the power vacuums that had been left by the declining Ottoman, Persian and Chinese Manchu empires. This rivalry in Eurasia came to be known as the "Great Game"As far as Britain was concerned, the defeats inflicted by Russia on…show more content…
Much of this economic emphasis was brought about by the industrial revolution, which created large surpluses of European capital and heavy demands for raw materials. Additionally, it brought about the accumulation of capital in which England sought investment abroad. The British had also forced China to open itself to the Opium trade in the 1840's. China in the middle of a social upheaval; The Tai Ping rebellion, was unable to prevent foreign domination of its trade. By the end of the 19th century, England, Germany, Russia, Japan, and the United States had all compelled China to trade with
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