EINSTEIN'S INVENTIONS CHANGED SOCIETY. DISCUSS This essay is going to give a brief history of Albert Einstein, State his inventions and also state how they have changed the society. Who is Albert Einstein? Albert Einstein was born on the 14th of March 1879 at Ulm in Wurtemberg, Germany and died on the 18th of April 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey in the United States of America at the age of 76. Einstein was a physicist, He resided at many countries namely: Germany, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Hungary, and The United States of America.
James Clerk Maxwell was born in 1931 in Scotland to a family of scientists. The family was also famous for abundant in Fellows of the Royal Society, an elite organization of the top scientists of all disciplines in Great Britain (The Royal Society, 2011). Maxwell began his academic career quite early. He presented his first paper “Oval Curves” to the Royal Society of Edinburgh when he was fourteen (Forfar, 1995). Maxwell began his undergraduate studies at Edinburgh University at age sixteen and entered graduate school at Cambridge University at age nineteen.
The first time she began to adore astronomy was when she helped her father built a small observatory. She had many things going for her like becoming a librarian, working with her father at a bank but, science was the one thing she enjoyed and wanted to pursue the most. Marie Mitchell was born and raised in Nantucket, Massachusetts on August 1st, 1887 and died June 28th, 1889. She was raised by her Quaker parents William Mitchell and Lydia Coleman. Her parents highly valued education and wanted her to receive the same education that boys receive.
He was able to enter Westminster School at the age of thirteen, and from there went to Oxford, where some of the best scientists in England were working at the time. Hooke impressed them with his skills at designing experiments and building equipment, and soon became an assistant to the chemist Robert Boyle. In 1662 Hooke was named Curator of Experiments of the newly formed Royal Society of London -- meaning that he was responsible for demonstrating new experiments at the Society's weekly meetings. He later became Gresham Professor of Geometry at Gresham College, London, where he had a set of rooms and where he lived for the rest of his life. His health deteriorated over the last decade of his life, although one of his biographers wrote that "He was of an active, restless, indefatigable Genius even almost to the last."
While visiting America, Einstein was offered a job as a professor at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey. This is where he decided to live permanently. Although Albert missed Germany, he was happy he had a job and a safe place to live away from the Nazis. Before Albert came to America, he lived in Switzerland, and worked for the Swiss Patent Office. There, he published five papers on the Special Theory of Relativity and a short book on the General Theory of Relativity.
Léon Walras (16 December 1834 - 5 January 1910) Biography Marie-Ésprit Léon Walras was born in Évreux, France (near Montreux, Switzerland) on December 16th, 1834. Walras was the son of the French proto-marginalist, economist and schoolteacher, Antonie-Auguste Walras, who encouraged his son to pursue economics with a particular emphasis on mathematics. Walras enrolled in the Paris School of Mine but grew tired of engineering. He spent most of his early life in Paris as a novelist and art critic (had quite a Bohemian youth). He also tried careers as a bank manager, journalist, romantic novelist and a clerk at a railway company, administrator of cooperative bank before turning to economics .In that scientific discipline Walras claimed to have found “pleasures and joys like those that religion provides to the faithful.” In 1858, one evening while the two were out walking, his father situated the postulate in Léon that to create a scientific theory of economics one would need to use differential calculus to derive a ‘science of economic forces, analogous to the science of astronomical forces’.
He, however, hired Tesla due to his intellect and offered him $50,000 if he succeeded in improving his DC generation plants. Tesla, after several months, announced he had completed the task and Edison claimed the $50,000 was a joke and “after he became a full-fledged American he would understand.” Tesla immediately quit. He eventually received an investment from Mr. A.K. Brown of the Western Union Company to invest in the AC motor. Clearly, the $50,000 is enough to create a conflict between the two.
William Shockley: Father of the Bipolar Transistor William Shockley was born in 1910 to American parents in London, England. He graduated from the California Institute of Technology before getting a PhD in physics from MIT. After that, he went to work at Bell Labs, taking a brief break for radar research for the military during WWII, returning to Bell after the war ended. During his schooling at CIT, Shockley married Jean Bailey, who gave birth to Alison Shockley in 1934. Later, Shockley would divorce Jean and marry Emmy Lanning, who would have a son, Dick.
A Beautiful Mind by Sylvia Nasar ‘A tale of how a man achieved the Nobel Prize after 10 years of schizophrenia’ Set during the 20th century, A Beautiful Mind is a biography on John Nash, whom worked against all odds and achieved the Nobel Prize for Economical Science in 1994 after been diagnosis of schizophrenia in 1959. ‘How could you, a mathematician, believe that the extraterrestrials were sending you a message?’ a Harvard visitor asked. ‘Because the ideas I had about supernatural beings came to me the same way my mathematics ideas did, and I took them seriously!’ came the answer. Thus begins the tale of John Nash, a mathematician who suffered from schizophrenia at the ago of 30, and who—with the selflessness of his family members and the faithfulness of Princeton—emerged as one of the most famous and influential mathematician on the century, also holder of the Nobel Prize for economics for 1994. Nash was born in Bluefield on 23rd June 1928, from young; Nash can be seen as a unique child.
Talcott Parsons was born in Colorado, USA in 1902. He graduated from Amherst College in 1924 and went on to spend a year at the LSE before gaining his PHD at Heidelberg University in 1927. In 1931 he began to teach sociology at Harvard University. He stayed there until his retirement in 1973 and died in 1979 in Munich. His work was very influential within the United States during the 1940s and 50s and is generally considered to constitute an entire school of social theory.