Piaget's Theory According to Piaget, children in the earliest stages of life, from birth to 2 years, exist in a sensory-motor stage, where they learn to move and operate their bodies as well as begin to understand simple symbols. In this early stage, children are curious about their environment and begin to learn how to interpret it in sensible ways. The next stage is called preoperational thought and lasts from the ages of 2 until 7. In this stage, children develop stable concepts, mental reasoning and imagination. What is distinct and important about Piaget's views is that he considered imagination and play to be crucial to enable every child to develop his own sense of self and to foster healthy learning habits.
Brain development is crucial for children between the ages of two and seven. The brain is forming vital neural paths that will later develop a child’s ability to function socially. At this time, “Children are able to learn at a rapid rate and want and need to learn new information. The brain at this age is like a sponge”(Elle, Rebekah. 26 July 2012).
Touch is a very important aspect of physical, mental, emotional, and psychological child development. Then I will explore its importance in child development in greater detail. Specifically, I will explore how it can heal and how its absence can negatively influence and even harm developing infants, children, adolescents, and even adults. Finally, I will look at how the communication of touch, and its meanings and implications, are socially constructed. Depending upon our society (and often or structured subgroups within it), we are taught from very young children how to act and feel through the sensory perception and reception of touch.
Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands.
How does a child’s temperament impact his /her ability to self-regulate? Each child is different it is very important to recognize and respond to a child’s temperament that impact his ability to self regulate by how he respond to stressful situation, and the interaction including how the caregivers accommodate his temperament and respond , also using language , all these affect how and when he develops self-regulation. 3. Describe, in your own words, the term ‘’goodness of fit’’ and how ‘’goodness of fit’’ might aid teachers in selecting strategies to support children as they develop their ability to self-regulate. Goodness of fit is the compatibility between environment and a child’s temperament, inability of fit occurs when temperament is not respected and accommodated, teacher can improve the goodness of fit by adapting her approach to meet the needs of the child, and in order to select a better strategies to support children teachers first need to understand and recognize each child
These goals are important as they form the building blocks for children’s later education and they make available the basis for planning and learning throughout the EYFS. The aim is that each child can meet the goals by the end of their reception year. However, some children would have exceeded the goals whilst others may still be working towards the goals by the end of the EYFS. The seven arears of learning and development mentioned above are: Communication and language- This is about the child listening and attention, understanding, and speaking. Physical development- How children gain control of their bodies, use equipment’s successfully and how they learn to use equipment.
They develop at their own rate. A child’s develop can be measured the way they physically, intellectually, socially, emotionally, or behaviorally develop from their birth. But the main milestones are expected in them during their childhood. We can see an expected pattern in children and young people’s development. Physical development means movement skills, top to toe coordination and general coordination.
Child development is defined as the biological and psychological changes that occur in human beings from birth to the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependence to increasing autonomy. Play is an important aspect in a child's development. For children, play is synonymous to work in adults, toys are their tools. Toys do not only serve as entertainment but more importantly, they aid in child development. Children learn reasoning, concentration, motor, social and language skills from their first attempt to grab a rattle or mobile during infancy to their mastery of the intricacies of a computer game in their teens.
“All practice with children needs to be centred upon the needs and interests of each child” (2) As every child is a unique having the child centered approach in early year’s settings is important because it will help children reach their full potential. It also reflects around the children’s needs, for example, if a child has a disability, having the child centred approach in place will make the child feel more welcome and will be able to do activities that he/she wants to do. Having the child centered approach in place will help children access the curriculum at their own level; children will be able to learn at their own level and ability. For example, children who have special needs or are gifted and talented will need different help/work. Gifted and talented children will find the work that they do too easy and for special needs children they will find the work hard, so having the child centered approach in place is important so every child gets the opportunity they need to reach their full potential.
Children with different backgrounds and cultures develop and grow differently and at their own pace. In order for a three-year-old child to be physically, psychologically and emotionally healthy and develop into a holistic person, parents, teachers and caregivers should fulfil the physical and psychological needs of the child. In this essay the importance of physical and psychological needs for a child will be covered and explained in details. Important issues of a child’s well-being and safety issues will be identified and explained. An ideal environment in a school for a three-year-old child’s daily activities will be explained and discussed.