As a result, multitudes became jobless, and the trend went from bad to worse throughout the decade. these accounting anomalies was the heart of all that frauds. The accountancy profession and the role it plays came into focus. Accountants have helped in misleading the public by certifying and endorsing that the financial reports of fraudulent companies were all true and 100% correct. Investors placed their faith in the accompanying audit reports, which
Known also as Black Tuesday, October 29th left stockholders shattered with recorded losses reaching $40 billion dollars (Kelly, n.d.). Many banks and financial institutions began collapsing which led to irretrievable, uninsured deposits and savings. Fearing further loss, people began spending less which led to a decrease in production and an increase in unemployment. As companies began to fail, the government devised the Smoot-Hawley Tariff in order to protect American businesses. The Tariff placed high taxes on imports leading to a decline in international trade.
The ultimate goal is to protect investors. Reason Many acts of corporate corruption in the 1990s and early 2000s brought on this regulation. There were many loopholes that allowed for accounting errors without any legal incentive to correct the problem. Due to the accounting practices at companies such as Enron, Tyco, and WorldCom investors lost billions. The accounting practices created a scandal in which the companies were able to hide information from investors.
During an investigation there were many questionable accounting transactions that were brought up, such as large executive bonuses as well as many loans for large amounts of money that were later forgiven without repayment. Kozlowski and Swartz were sentenced to 8 – 25 years in prison ("Investopedia", 2014). Then a lawsuit against Tyco cost the company $2.92 billion in repayment to its investors ("Investopedia", 2014). The biggest issue here was allowing for a CEO and CFO to have too much access to funds. A protocol should be in place that when a sale of stocks is made and no one authorized it then a full audit should take place from a third party or if a loan is going to be made then more then just the CEO and CFO’s approval needs to be given.
Johnny Dillinger During the great depression banks went into debt. The banks lost millions of people’s hard earned life savings. Those banks the stayed in business foreclosed on people’s homes farms and businesses. There was even a touch of Robin Hood. When bank robbers would rob stores they would ruin mortgage records the bank had.
Wages in the industrial sector were not keeping up with huge increase in manufacture and profits. Stocks lost a huge amount of money in a single day. Investors who had borrowed money to buy stocks were particularly hard hit, as were the banks that had lent the money (Canadian History 1201). Therefore the stock market crash was a very big event that caused The Great Depression. There were many factors that caused the Great Depression.
Between the “Black Tuesday” and November thirteenth over 30 billion dollars had disappeared from the American economy. It took nearly twenty-five years for many of the stocks to recover. It caused many banks to fail which led to failed businesses and loss of jobs as well as the start to the Great Depression. Occupy Wall Street—started on September 17, 2011 in New York City’s Wall Street financial district—represents a real anger in the country caused by the effect of oppressive student loans, massive debt, lost jobs, and ultimately lost hope in the nation and economy. The main issues are social and economic equality, greed, corruption, and the excessive influence of corporations on government.
Unfortunately, it did. On October 29, 1929, the stock market crashed, and the United States once again found itself in economic turmoil. Prior to this, many people had begun purchasing stock on margin, or in other words, on credit. When the market crashed, the stock brokers called the loans they gave out back so that their companies may survive, except the loans couldn’t be paid back by the debtors. Many of the nation’s banks soon went under because they too had paid into the stock market and had lost much of their money.
In a lecture by Professor Newman, it was made known of the concept “selling short”, meaning, big businessmen would try to make more money on a market they knew was going down, and with that came a lot of common people losing money. When prices started to collapse over 40 billion dollars’ worth of stock value suddenly disappeared, and so did people’s money. With this caused the famous stock market crash in 1929. Almost immediately big businessmen started shutting down factories and firing employees and the demand for products went down, and with that, unemployment reached 15 million. In the lecture, Professor Newman uses the example of steel to show how much stocks declined.
From 1979 to 2006, the financial industry’s share in the nation’s corporate profits grew from a fifth to almost a third. By 2006, bankers and insurers were making 70 percent more, on average, than workers in the rest of the private sector. Then they set off again one of the worst financial crises since the Great Depression, and taxpayers bailed them out. The corruption is just not limited to Wall Street but also politicians who made money off of looking the other way. My input on this is that we did not learn anything from the crash of the stock market in 1929.