Native Californians under Spanish Colonial and Mexican rule Native Californians represented the lowest possible class of people in Spanish feudal society. The Spanish attitude toward Native Californians was to see them as human beings living in a harmonious relationship with their environment, rather like animals. Father Luis Jayme thought the indigenous people also viewed themselves as animals. The Spanish viewed them as entirely uncivilized and saw themselves as bringing civilization to these people. They felt the Native Californians were pagans who were desperately in need of conversion to Christianity for the salvation of their souls.
So, it is no surprise that the same process happened over and over. The settlers took advantage of the Native Americans and their ways because the Europeans thought the natives were handing it all over to them. It is hard to believe that the natives trusted the whites in the first place, but they basically helped the settlers conquer the land they inhabited. When children are taught about the battles fought against the Native Americans, they are made to seem barbaric, but they are far from that. They are kind and gentle people that have respect for
Indians for example, had rituals they performed to placate the spirits of the animals they had killed. Because Indians did not have a sharp distinction between natural and supernatural, or secular and religious traditions, Europeans believed Indians actually lacked religion or worshipped the devil. For Europeans, religion dictated to them that uniformity was essential to public order. They found freedom through servitude and churches dictated what forms of religious worship and beliefs were acceptable. Europeans were ruled by a king who claimed authority over them via God.
Naturalist do not believe in more than just matter, they look at things as if I cannot see it then it is not there. However, as a Christians, I believe in more and I know our God is out there helping us through our lives. Naturalist look at us as machines that all of our emotions and such are just reactions in our brains, but Christians believe that everything we do is the creation of God. Secular humanist and Christians are so different I use my religion to help stay in line. Secular humanist feel that religion is really a negative thing because it gives you rules to follow therefore you never really follow your deepest desires.
The philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) was one of the early founders of existentialism. Although Kierkegaard was a devout Christian, he rejected the Christian Church due to its legalistic nature and the false relationship that people were receiving with God as a result. Kierkegaard believed that the key relationship of an individual was with God. He argued that God has given people freedom to make their own decisions and therefore our decisions are not determined. He thought that our existence is not something determined rationally or part of an on-going process but that it is something specific which is created through the choices we make.
The Puritans thought that you should be well educated to be ready to defend God’s Word at any time and in any area. Puritans also thought that by being well educated, you are glorifying God because you are using the gifts which He has given you, while during the Enlightenment era they were focused on edifying man. The Puritans also disagreed with the Enlightenment because they were trying to focus on worldly things rather than furthering God’s kingdom. During the Enlightenment era they were discovering new ways to make man more comfortable which would lead to man’s happiness. All of these materialistic ideas controlled the Enlightenment eras
Instead, they merely thought that blacks didn’t have any beliefs. The British saw themselves as a Christian civilising force, and tried to teach them Christianity. This was a time of uncertainty, where the Europeans treated the Aborigines with disrespect, which led to the First Australians having a low standing in white society. The nomadism of the Aborigine made it easy to believe that one area of land was as good as another to the indigenous people. This led to more conflict.
At least, if someone did, that person never got enough support to make any type of change. Their system of justice came directly from their religion. Therefore, the people had to deal with laws that were rather strict and favored certain members of society more than others. Had the people questioned this system, they could have made a code that was fair to all and not as harsh. Unfortunately, the people of Mesopotamia never challenged their way of thinking and had to deal with the harshness of the Code.
The intolerance of the African-American race is shown a great deal from beginning to end in these two novels. In Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird and in Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Scout and Huck endure prejudice, but are able to overcome it through their desire not to side with society, and the positive influences in their lives. Scout and Huck both live in societies that are virtually intolerant of the African-American race. Their societies are driven by this segregation, making them become extremely out of control. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus defends Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman, in a court trial.
Because they live their life devoted to their religion, their belief in the will of God and the notion that God heals, shapes their ideas on health and illness (Hostetler, 1993). The Amish do not practice preventative medicine so it is not uncommon to treat patients who have never been immunized. This can be attributed to lack of education and understanding of diseases and microorganisms (Weyer et al, 2003). Herbal treatments are commonly used as their form of primary intervention. They are more likely to seek out other practitioners such as chiropractors and herbalists as a first choice.