In 1945, the British viceroy handed power back to India freely. Mohandas Gandhi fought with nonviolence before the British handed over the power back to India. Gandhi describes the positive motives for a nonviolence approach to Indian independence, “Passive resistance is a method of securing rights by personal suffering…” (Doc 3) India was a huge asset to the British Empire especially during World War II. Gandhi said, “I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” (Doc 3) He yelled this statement during the Salt March. Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya and leader for independence, stated, “The land is ours.
I believe that the British did only make concessions to strengthen their power and control over India. However there are arguments suggesting that these concessions were made purely to benefit India and to increase Indian participation and decision making within the government. The argument that supports this statement is demonstrated through source 13. In Source 13 it tells us that ‘these concessions can be seen as a way of strengthening the Raj and their control within India’, it then continues to say that this opinion is exemplified within the Rowlatt Acts. From my own knowledge I know that these acts, passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in London on the 10th march 1919, gave authorization to imprison people for up to two years without trial, anybody living within the Raj suspected of terrorism.
Salt was a necessity of life and the British knew this, so they placed high taxes on salt to bring them revenue. It was illegal to pan for salt, but Ghandi led thousands of men and women to the sea where they panned for salt despite the British law. Ghandi's love for his people and country later led to the transformation of the once, highly educated, male dominated Congress into a movement that included the peasants. The transformation of the Congress dominated the Indian elections and led to India's independence of 1947. Hitler was shaped into a man of hate in his early life as well.
Clarence Seward Darrow (April 18, 1857 – March 13, 1938) was an American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, best known for defending teenage killers Leopold and Loeb in their trial for murdering 14-year-old Robert "Bobby" Franks in 1924. Clarence’s upbringing meant he was surrounds by freedom fighters and free thinkers. Clarence's father was an ardent abolitionist and a proud iconoclast and religious freethinker, known in town as the "village infidel." Emily Darrow was an early supporter of female suffrage and a women's rights advocate, so Clarence was taught to hold very strong moral ethics from an early age. It was these moral which then forced Darrow to quit corporate law and help the people, he began practicing labor law and in 1894 Darrow represented Eugene V. Debs, the leader of the American Railway Union, who was prosecuted by the federal government for leading the Pullman Strike of 1894.
The Union took up many strikes against DiGiorgio vineyards but in 1965 was the huge boycott against their grapes that the corporation had to get a judge’s order against picket lines on May 20th, 1965. Even with the judge’s order against the picket line, the protest didn’t stop. Cesar Chavez and his believers believed in non-violence, they began a vigil that lasted two months in front of the DiGiorgio gates. In 1966 Chavez and his followers march all the way to Sacramento. On March 10th, 1968 finally receives a piece of bread after fasting for twenty-five whole days.
For his efforts and effective advocacy he ... in favor of its ratification, he is called the Father of the Constitution. Born to a poor family in Britain, Paine always showed inclination to public affairs and failed in his effort to continue his father's corset business. He is often characterized as a propagandist and a voice of common man. In Lewes, he lobbied the British Parliament for better pay and working conditions for excisemen, and he published his first political writing regarding the issue. Paine had progressive ideas about society: he was one of the first to advocate a world peace organization and social security for the poor and elderly.
The Bakeshop Act regulated the amount of hours that bakery employees were allowed to work and restricted them to ten hours per day and sixty hours per week. New York’s highest court upheld the law and Joseph Lochner took his case to the Supreme Court (Irons 255). The state of New York exercised its police powers in order to “protect working people against low wages, long hours, and unsafe and unhealthy ‘sweatshop’ conditions” (Irons 254). This case deals with Lochner’s Home bakery owner, Joseph Lochner appealing his $50 fine for violating the Bakeshop Act. It all began with a baker, Aman Schmitter who Lochner allowed to work more for than sixty hours in a week.
This is particularly evident in some Media portrayal of females and through social dynamics within daily life. The three waves of feminism theory enlightens the stages of progress feminism has encountered in the search for equality. The first wave occurred between the 19th to early 20th century and marks the Socialist and Marxist feminist era. During this period, focuses were made on official, mandated inequalities such as the right to vote, which was the first step towards suffrage. The second, more radical, wave of feminism between the 1950s and 1980s focused primarily on unofficial inequalities within society, politics, the power differences between the sexes and sexism within the English language.
INTRODUCTION The Swadeshi Movement, part of the movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of Swadeshi (self-sufficiency), which had some success. Strategies of the Swadeshi movement involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic products and production processes. It was strongest in Bengal and was also called vandemataram movement. The Swadeshi movement started with the partition of Bengal by the Viceroy Of India, Lord Curzon, 1905 and continued up to 1911. It was the most successful of the pre-Gandhian movements.
Gandhi brought civil disobedience and other methods of peaceful protest to the world and earn limited independence for India. Gandhi proved to best leader of the three because he was able to achieve his goals with solutions that satisfied the people and made great change for the world. Stalin came to power in the USSR in 1928 and planned to create a new kind of society, made up of only socialist men and women. He wanted to build a strong army and a powerful industrial economy. Stalin ruled as a dictator and anyone who spoke out against him was subject to punishment as harsh as death.