Conformity generally has a negative connotation. When confronted with a difficult situation, it is human nature to use others as information sources, resulting in a tendency to conform. Conformist behavior has been criticized as a shortcoming of human nature (Zollman, 2008). There are several types of conformity, such as compliance, a visible expression of conformity; obedience is compliance with a direct command; and, acceptance is sincere, inward conformity. A further description of acceptance is when a person conforms in belief and behavior; usually, a good move but not always.
“Culture, gender, personality and other factors are believed to have great impact on how people conform themselves in a group settings” (Fiske, 2004). The concept of conformity has a broad meaning because it refers to individuals displaying common behavior as others in a group, but this is something that is group sensitive because everyone is not the same, and your behavior is something that is
Outline and Evaluate research into conformity (12 marks) Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behaviour in order to fit in with a group. This change is in response to real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms / expectations) group pressure. The term conformity is often used to indicate an agreement to the majority position, brought about either by a desire to ‘fit in’ (normative) or because of a desire to be correct (informational). In 1935, Sherif conducted an experiment with the aim of demonstrating that people conform to group norms when they are put in an ambiguous situation. He used a lab experiment to study conformity.
The following is an analysis of conformity and obedience. The concepts of conformity and obedience Conformity Conformity can be well observed when individuals are within group settings, which put pressure into their lives regarding things they would not normally do. When a person conform the self with a group, it shows the person’s devotion to the group’s standards. Culture, gender, personality and other factors are believed to have great impact on how people conform themselves in group settings (Fiske, 2004). Conformity is said to have a broad meaning because it refers to individuals that display common behaviors with their peers; and these individuals are believed to help no social rights toward their behaviors.
Conformity is a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behaviour in order to fit in within a group. This change is in response to real or imagined group pressure. A key feature of conformity is group pressure. Obedience is a type of social influence where a person will follow instructions but disagree privately. Obedience does not involve group pressure but from someone with higher status and authority.
Asch’s Conformity Experiment Conformity refers to the tendency of a person to go a long with rules or behaviors of a social or larger group, even if it is believed that the behavior is wrong, because of a desire to fit in, be correct or be liked. There have been many researchers who have studied the power of conformity, including Solomon Asch whose experiments about line judgment are famous. In these experiments, Asch sets up a situation to see if study participants would conform to a task even though they realized that the outcome was wrong. However, it is likely that the Asch experiment results do not show an accurate view of conformity in our society today. Do you think Asch’s experiment shows an accurate view of conformity in our society today?
Socioeconomic class along with stratification have meaning only because of social psychology within the individual (Schaefer, 2011) and when motivating a group that surrounds an individual this is called conformity (kowalski & Westen. 2011) One might take part in the social strategy of blaming the victim when justifying an action. When considering conformity this can backfire if the out-group vises impose upon a person who is seeking to fit into a group. An example of this type of conformity happens considering bigoted lines of religion or race. However, one must assume that the environment is diverse then one will seek a group to join or follow a model.
________________________________________ Thesis statement Cult members and leaders show conformity, obedience and social influence Conformity and obedience are both types of social influence whereby conformity entails a person changing its attitudes or behavior due mounting pressure from other individuals; and command is whereby one follows strictly the command of those in power. Conforming can be automatic, from information obtained from observing others or one can just conform just by been concerned about the consequences of what they do socially. (Kenrick, 2002) ________________________________________ The Heaven’s gate cult required its members to conform to some of the rules before they could join the group. For instance one had to be insensitive about his or her humanness. This included their sexuality.
Conformity is a change in a person’s behaviour or belief on account of real or imagined group pressure. (Myers, 2002) There is a great deal of evidence from social psychology literature that suggests that people in the world are conformist, and do tend to obey with orders they know are immoral. Evidence over the years does suggest that this is in fact a fair portrayal of humanity. Normative influence is conformity due to the desire to gain acceptance and praise, and to avoid exclusion and punishment from those around us. (Crisp &Turner, 2010) Solomon Asch conducted an experiment in which he wanted to look at the power of normative influence.
Obedience is to follow direct orders from a perceived figure of authority. There can be a downside to this however, if a figure of authority orders individuals to do something unmoral, such as hurting someone we are likely to obey, even though we know it is wrong. This is called destructive obedience. There have been a number of key psychological studies done into why people conform. Asch’s (1951) aim of his study into majority influence was to see if people would conform to giving an incorrect answer, when the correct answer so obvious and how social influence affected this.