The primary motivation for the secession of the southern states was their belief that their rights given to them under the constitution were being taken away by the northern controlled federal government and the new regionally dominated Republican Party. Many argue that the main reason the South seceded from the union was only over the issue of slavery. The South thought that the new Republican Party and the newly elected president, President Lincoln, were going to abolish slavery in the South. Although this may be, for the most part true, it is not the sole reason for the South’s decision to secede. The four states that seceded later in 1861, had at first voted against secession on the sole basis over the issue of slavery.
Nevertheless, the Emancipation Proclamation had no instant until Thirteenth Amendment was added to the Constitution in 1865, about three years after the Emancipation was ordained. (Tackach 9-10). If the Emancipation Proclamation did not completely abolish slavery, what was the point of the document? Lincolns Emancipation a Proclamation was not actually written for the intention of freeing slaves at all. Preferably, it was a war tactic to militarily weaken the South and preserve the Union, add soldiers to the Union cause, and in many opinions please abolitionist northerners.
He countered this by stating he will uphold the doctrine of states right. Most southerners distrusted him.. His victory in the election led to the secession of eleven southern states from the union leading to the formation of the Confederate States of America with Jefferson Davis as its president. This was viewed by the US administrators as an act of treason. Hostilities were prompted in April of 1861 when the conferderationist attacked a US military installation at fort summer in South Carolina leading to Lincoln, who had been in office for only six weeks to call for each state to volunteer an army. He declared these acts of secession as illegal and asked Congress for 500,000 soldiers to crush what threatened to be an aggressive rebellion.
In the 1840s and '50s, the party was in conflict over extending slavery to the Western territories. Southern Democrats insisted on protecting slavery in all the territories while many Northern Democrats resisted. The party split over the slavery issue in 1860 at its Presidential convention in Charleston, South Carolina. The Gilded Age politics, called the Third Party System, was characterized by intense competition between the two parties, with minor parties coming and going, especially on issues of concern to prohibitionists, labor unions and farmers. The Emancipation Proclamation issued on 1863 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation laws enacted after the Reconstruction period in Southern United States, at state and local levels, and which continued in force until 1965, which mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.
However, many southern states found ways around the laws to disenfranchise the black populations. They did this by introducing a ‘Grandfather Clause’, which is that only people whose grandfather voted, gave them the ability to vote. Also literacy test was another method used, which in most ways wasn’t made fairly and even well educated people were disenfranchised and not allowed to vote. However, in 1946 President Truman established The President’s Committee on ‘Civil rights’, producing a report examining the experiences of racial minorities in America. The report was called ‘To Secure These Rights’, this report highlighted the problems facing African Americans and proposed radical changes to make American society better.
| Radical Republicans | They control the south to help prevent them from returning to their war ways. | 17th president Andrew Johnson many of the bills that actually passed. | So many other republicans join the radicals and together, which gave the republicans in congress the ability to over side the president. | Southern Democrats | The removal of all of the remaining federal troops from the south as well having a change congress. | They had commended the decision of the commission and directive to make Rutherford B. Hayes.
His speech, given in 1858, stated that, a divided house cannot stand and visualized that America can not endure a “half-slave and half-free.” This clearly showed that he was a moderate and was therefore not up to task, in the views of the southerners, to be able to tackle the abolitionist they perceived as a threat. He countered this by stating he will uphold the doctrine of states right. Most southerners distrusted him.. His victory in the election led to the secession of eleven southern states from the union leading to the formation of the Confederate States of America with Jefferson Davis as its president. This was viewed by
The Civil War only ended the slavery, not racism. Though the Thirteenth Amendment and the Fourteenth Amendment were passed, they were mostly pushed by federal government. One of the most famous case in that period, Plessy v. Ferguson, involved a Louisiana law that required separate seating arrangements for the races on railroads. In the case, the petition stated that this act conflicts the Thirteenth and Fourteen Amendment which give black equality. While the court held that separate accommodations did not deprive blacks of equal rights if the accommodations were equal; in the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color, or to enforce social, as distinguished from political; legislation is powerless to eradicate racial instincts, or to abolish distinctions based upon physical differences, and the attempt to do so can only result in accentuating the difficulties of the present situation.
Using the Law In 1947, President Truman told the Committee on Civil Rights that it was time to make sure civil rights laws were enforced. He said ‘We have been trying to do this for 150 years’ However; many state laws enforced only change these laws if they could show they were unconstitutional. This should have been easy; the fourteenth amendment to the constitution made black people full American citizens. Many people in government (especially people of southern states), fought to keep these laws in place. In 1896, in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson, the Supreme Court had ruled that facilities, transport, and education could all be segregated as long as they were kept separate but equal.
The Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation began on January 17, 1863 and the purpose of it was to determine which states were rebellions. The emancipation also was criticized because of the legal document, which applied in most of the southern states but not in Tennesse. The voters in west Tennesse voted in but the middle and east Tennesse were against the whole idea. Tennesse was one of the states that was asked to come up with a troop to put the rebellion down. Alexander P. Stewart was from east, Tennesse graduating from West Point in 1842.