“the Forgotten Man”,

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“The forgotten Man”, the famous speech by William Graham Sumner, points his idea about the social problems in late nineteenth century and early twenties. In his point of view, if A and B came up with an idea to force C to do something to help D who is suffering from some problems, C would be the forgotten man. Sumner’s idea, to some extent, supports Jim Crow Law. During the reconstructive, the society didn’t reach the point of equality of the two races, instead it became even worse in many places all over the country. The Civil War only ended the slavery, not racism. Though the Thirteenth Amendment and the Fourteenth Amendment were passed, they were mostly pushed by federal government. One of the most famous case in that period, Plessy v. Ferguson, involved a Louisiana law that required separate seating arrangements for the races on railroads. In the case, the petition stated that this act conflicts the Thirteenth and Fourteen Amendment which give black equality. While the court held that separate accommodations did not deprive blacks of equal rights if the accommodations were equal; in the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color, or to enforce social, as distinguished from political; legislation is powerless to eradicate racial instincts, or to abolish distinctions based upon physical differences, and the attempt to do so can only result in accentuating the difficulties of the present situation. In Sumner’s idea, “the state cannot get a cent for any man without taking it from some other man, and this latter must be a man who has produced and saved it. This latter is the Forgotten Man.” Assume that you attempt to bring equality to black—black became the dominant power in the state legislature, and should enact a law in precisely similar terms, it would thereby relegate the white race to an inferior position. Then,
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